Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa had led Bahrain’s government since independence in 1971.- Advertisement –
WHO offered regional examples of prevention successes and outbreaks, including: The new guidelines recommend a holistic approach, saying it “increases confidence in the safety of drinking water. This approach entails systematic assessment of risks throughout a drinking-water supplyfrom the catchment and its source water through to the consumerand identification of the ways in which these risks can be managed, including methods to ensure that control measures are working effectively.” Water-linked disease outbreaks occur even in highly developed nations, including Norway (72 outbreaks from 1988 through 2002) and the United Kingdom (26 outbreaks from 1992 through 1995). The United States and Canada have seen several Escherichia coli O157 outbreaks as well as incidents involving Campylobacter and Cryptosporidium in recent years. Efforts will include protecting local wells or water reservoirs from human or animal waste and checking basics such as changing water filters. The guidelines also include reviewed and updated recommended values for chemical limits in drinking water for more than 100 chemicals. It also sets out feasible approaches to “rule out” some chemicals and prioritize others using readily available information, the press release said. Only 24% of the urban population of Latin America and the Caribbean have some water quality control surveillance system. Sep 23, 2004 (CIDRAP News) Calling for better prevention from catchment to consumer, the World Health Organization (WHO) on Sep 21 issued new guidelines to ensure drinking-water safety worldwide. While the United States generally has preventive procedures in place, new details about some contaminants may prompt changes, Ohanian told CIDRAP News. See also: The third edition of the Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality (GDWQ) emphasizes prevention, a philosophical shift from the remedial approach embodied by testing water samples for chemical and biological contaminants. Contaminated water is too often found only after people get sick or die, according to a press release announcing the guidelines. Developing countries are increasingly striving to come into line with WHO guidelines, he added. Countries that lack expertise and/or resources, however, continue to face hurdles in complying with the recommendations. The United States and Canada have seen several E coli O157 outbreaks as well as incidents involving the spread of Campylobacter and Cryptosporidium in recent years. WHO news releasehttp://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2004/pr67/en/ “This . . . is the most significant water-related public health development since the introduction of chlorine,” said Dr. Michael Rouse, International Water Association (IWA) president, in the WHO press release. A recent study of 400 households in a Malawian refugee camp indicated that using a water container with a cover and a spout decreased contamination, resulting in 31% fewer cases of diarrheal disease in children younger than 5. The challenges of providing safe drinking water worldwide are growing, the press release said. The guidelines are intended to help regulators and water service providers maintain and improve drinking-water quality. In Asia, arsenic and/or excess fluoride in water affects more than 120 million people. Edward Ohanian, PhD, Director of the Health and Ecological Criteria Division of the Office of Science and Technology/Office of Water for the US Environmental Protection Agency, helped WHO determine if guidelines needed to be changed for specific contaminants. Full text of guidelineshttp://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/gdwq3/en/
Feb 26, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Health officials in Kuwait have reported finding H5N1 avian influenza in backyard and captive birds at several locations in the past two days, according to news services.Yesterday health ministry spokesman Ahmed al-Shatti announced that 20 falcons, chickens, and turkeys at the Kuwait Zoo, on farms, and at a clinic for falcons were infected, according to an Associated Press (AP) report. Today al-Shatti said the disease was found in three turkeys and nine chickens in home pens in Wafra, which is south of Kuwait City, and in the northern district of Doha.The H5N1 outbreaks are the first reported in Kuwait since November 2005, when news services said the disease was found in a flamingo and a falcon. However, World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) databases do not document any H5N1 cases in birds in Kuwait. The country has reported no human H5N1 cases.The health ministry closed the Kuwait Zoo and bird markets yesterday and banned all bird imports and exports, the AP reported. Officials culled poultry on the involved farms and gave antiviral medication to people who had been in contact with infected birds, al-Shatti told the AP.Meanwhile, state-run television in Vietnam announced today a new H5N1 outbreak, according to Agence France-Presse. Bird deaths occurred in Hai Duong province, about 30 miles east of Hanoi. No other details were available.In December and January, avian influenza returned to seven southern Mekong Delta provinces after about a year with no major outbreaks. The new report is the first in about a month.In Russia, the H5N1 virus has spread to another province, Kaluzhskaya, about 50 miles southwest of Moscow, according to a report submitted today to the OIE. The province is the third affected this year. The outbreak, which began Feb 5, killed a flock of 17 backyard poultry.Several poultry outbreaks were recently reported around the Moscow region, and in late January the virus was detected in poultry in the Krasnodar region in southwestern Russia.In other developments, Reuters reported late this afternoon that an Egyptian woman from the Nile Delta town of Beheira tested positive for the H5n1 flu virus. The news was attributed to Egypt’s state news agency MENA. The woman was described as a housewife who raised chickens.In addition, a 15-year-old girl from Laos has been hospitalized with suspected H5N1 avian flu, the Chinese news service Xinhua reported today. The patient, from the capital city of Vientiane, is undergoing testing and treatment in Thailand. Her family said she had had no contact with dead poultry before she got sick, Xinhua reported.See also:OIE reports on Russian outbreakhttp://www.oie.int/downld/AVIAN%20INFLUENZA/A2007_AI.php
Mar 2, 2009 (CIDRAP News) – In one of the largest head-to-head studies comparing two different seasonal flu vaccines in a healthy, adult population, those who received trivalent inactivated vaccine (TIV) had fewer medical visits for respiratory illnesses compared to those who received the live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV).The difference between the injected TIV vaccine and the nasal-spray LAIV vaccine, however, was not as great for those who hadn’t been vaccinated in the past season or two.The study, which was posted ahead of print and will appear in the Mar 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), was conducted in military personnel who were stationed in the United States during three flu seasons, from 2004 through 2007.Since 2004, the Department of Defense has increased its use of LAIV—FluMist, made by MedImmune—because it is easier to use and is typically available earlier in the season, according to the report. The surveillance study was conducted to guide military vaccine policy.For each of the three flu seasons, the investigators from the Armed Forces Surveillance Center in Silver Spring, Md., measured the incidence of healthcare visits for pneumonia and influenza-like illness among just over 1 million active-duty service members between the ages of 17 and 49 who were eligible to receive the vaccine. They used data from the Defense Medical Surveillance System, which contains demographic information, occupational history, immunization status, and medical encounters throughout each soldier’s military career.The percentage of military personnel who received LAIV rose each year from 33.5% during the 2004-05 season to 47.9% in the 2006-07 season.Service members who had no record of immunization for each of the seasons were considered unimmunized. To reduce bias between the immunized and unimmunized groups, the researchers matched each immunized service member with an unimmunized member who had a similar age, sex, service branch, and basic medical history.The researchers found that the unimmunized group had the highest rates of pneumonia and influenza healthcare encounters for each of the three seasons, followed by the LAIV group then the TIV group.When the study’s authors singled out hospitalizations for pneumonia and influenza, they found that rates were highest in the LAIV group for each of the three seasons, though the difference was significant from unimmunized group only during the 2004-05 season.Results differ for vaccine-naiveHowever, they found that the LAIV and TIV effects were similar in vaccine-naive service members—those who had not been immunized in the previous one or two seasons.”This suggests that preexisting vaccine-induced immunity may play a role in determining the effectiveness of LAIV,” the authors wrote, suggesting that the presence of neutralizing antibodies may blunt the self-replication needed for LAIV immunization to be effective. The same factors might be able to predict a better effect for LAIV in different populations such as young recruits and children, they added.They cautioned readers to keep in mind that the system they used to minimize bias wasn’t able to eliminate important confounders such as smoking. They also wrote that vaccination status could have been recorded incorrectly in the database for some of the service members, though an assessment of anthrax vaccine data showed that the vaccine data collection was solid.Though the findings suggest that TIV may be more effective than LAIV in a highly- immunized population such active-duty military, they warned that the results may not be generalizable to the entire US adult population.Chris Ambrose, MD, director of medical affairs for MedImmune, the maker of FluMist, told CIDRAP News that efficacy findings in adults have been variable and that more data are needed. The idea that preexisting vaccine-based immunity may influence LAIV effectiveness in adults in their 20s and 30s is theoretical, he said.More retrospective studies that can further limit bias between groups would be useful, he said, adding that even before the military service study was published, MedImmune had already discussed the possibility of studying the vaccine issues in a large health maintenance organization (HMO) setting. “This is an area we’ve agreed on,” he said.However, Ambrose said the company has no evidence that casts doubt on LAIV efficacy in children. “The pediatric data have been very consistent,” he said.Effect on recommendations unclearIn an editorial that appears in the same issue of JAMA, David M. Weinstock, MD, an oncologist from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston and Gianna Zuccotti, MD, an infectious disease specialist from Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, wrote that, given concerns about oseltamivir (Tamiflu) resistance in H1N1 seasonal influenza, vaccination remains the most important tool for controlling the disease.They echoed speculation about the presence of neutralizing antibodies possibly compromising the efficacy of LAIV. “Not surprisingly, LAIV is equally or possibly more efficacious in children, who presumably lack preexisting influenza-specific immunity,” they wrote.Weinstock and Zuccotti wrote that it’s unclear if the latest study comparing TIV and LAIV will affect vaccination recommendations. It may be prudent to use TIV in patients who were vaccinated at least once in the past 2 years, they said, but LAIV against pandemic strains maybe be more protective than inactivated vaccines, because the population will probably lack preexisting immunity.Wang Z, Tobler S, Roayaei J, et al. Live attenuated or inactivated influenza vaccines and medical encounters for respiratory illnesses among US military personnel. JAMA 2009 Mar 4;301(9):945-53 [Full text]Weinstock D, Zuccotti G. The evolution of influenza resistance and treatment. JAMA 2009 Mar 4;301(9):[Early online edition]
The Croatian Camping Association (KUH) has published a new brochure Croatia’s Best Campsites 2018, printed in 26.400 copies in 5 basic language variants: English, Italian, German, Dutch and Slovenian.During 2018, the brochure will be distributed at all fairs as part of the CNTB’s trade fair appearances, in selected CNTB offices, as part of the KUH trade fair appearances, at trade fairs in Utrecht, Vienna, Stuttgart, Leeuwarden, Herning and Düsseldorf, Parma, Falls and additionally in Munich, for the needs of foreign partners as well as through other selected distribution channels (Caravan Center Ljubljana, Meridijan Poreč, etc.), reports from KUH.The new edition of the brochure has a plastic cover, the largest number of pages so far (as many as 108), and for the first time a new road map has been inserted into the brochure (showing the locations of campsites, of all important traffic routes and border crossings and the most important Croatian natural sights) – thus this year’s brochure represents the best KUH’s off-line promo material printed so far.The new brochure was also published in PDF format on the official camping portal of KUH, www.camping.hr., with always up-to-date and updated section page The best Croatian campsSide dish: Croatia’s Best Campsites 2018 brochure
Football occupied Josip Juraj Strossmayer Square from June 14 to July 15 with the food and football festival – Foodballerka. In addition to football, this extremely green oasis in the city center becomes the seat of diverse gastronomic and musical pleasures.Foodballerka is a model of sports tourism, which, in addition to gastronomic and entertainment offerings, is an urban mix of smaller events that go beyond just a sports competition and put emphasis on socializing and gathering.In addition to watching the football matches of the Croatian national team at the 2018 World Cup, at the Foodballerka, various caterers will present their dishes with original specialties adapted to fans of the most important side things in the world. In other words, visitors can expect a rich offer of fast food such as burgers, desserts, salads, snacks and other treats that are eaten with the feet. According to the organizers, Strossmayer Square is becoming a synonym for an excellent street food offer, and renowned Zagreb caterers will present their offer at as many as 20 houses. Time, Wurst bar, The GardenBar & Kitchen, T&T, RougeMarin, Kitchen & GrillPlac, OLI house, Milky, Coctail bar by Rakijarnica & Mangosta, Jamnica gemišt bar, Haustor Haus, Gost & Ona, Good Food, Gingle Bells, 50 A will open their houses in the park. Burger & Champagne Bar, El Toro, BarBaQ, Gummenyak and Pommes Frites.Also, for the first time, the Craft beer offer of the Garden Brewery brewery is opening at the Festival, and travel writer Tomislav Perko will demonstrate his skills in making cocktails and fruit salads. For the youngest, the organizers have prepared a carefully designed program in which they will be able to enjoy a children’s corner in various games and workshops. In addition, for the first time, mothers in the HIPP children’s zone will be able to change diapers for their youngest and buy baby food at promotional prices, while a special space is provided for breastfeeding mothers.Visitors can expect a rich music program which, in addition to the TBF concert, also includes performances by the groups PsihomodoPop, Soul Stash, One Dread, B and the Bops, Kuzma & Shaka Zulu, The Sick Brothers, Gustafi and Songkillers. The organizers also announce the performances of numerous DJs such as Phat Phillie, Tom Polo, WilliamCollins, Didi and Slavin Balin.Interested Festival can follow on his network headquarters i na Facebook page. The working hours of the cottage are from Monday to Thursday from 12 to 23 o’clock, on Friday from 12 to 1 o’clock, on Saturday from 11 to 1 o’clock and on Sunday from 11 to 23 o’clock. Admission to the Festival is free.Play it safe. Only quality content is always a winning formula. And that this great story is more than successful, take a look at the picture gallery that speaks for itself.
Mastercard, in cooperation with GfK – Center for Market Research, conducted an online survey on a sample of 1.027 users, among cardholders aged 18-55 in Croatia, and according to which almost two thirds (62%) of Croats spend their summers on the Adriatic. During their stay on the domestic coast, 46% of respondents will stay in private accommodation, and 41% in their own or family property. Hotel accommodation will be chosen by 12% of Croats, and accommodation in the camp by only 6%. Those with monthly incomes above HRK 12.000 (84%), respondents from Zagreb and the surrounding area (79%) and northern Croatia (71%) plan to spend their summer holidays on the Adriatic in slightly larger numbers. However, a smaller number of respondents aged 50 to 55 have such plans (54%), then those from Istria, Primorje and Gorski Kotar (45%), from Dalmatia (42%), but also those without income (39%). On the other hand, only 22% of respondents do not plan a summer vacation on the Croatian coast.The main source of tourist information is the InternetAs the main source of information about the destinations they travel to, as many as 90% of respondents cite the Internet. This primarily applies to domestic online content and specialized applications and sites such as TripAdvisor.Other sources of information are friends and relatives, which is pointed out by 41% of respondents, followed by travel agencies (12%). Respondents in the age group of 50 to 55 use the Internet somewhat less as a source of information about travel (82%), so they are somewhat more informed by travel agencies (16%). During their stay on the domestic coast, 46% of respondents will stay in private accommodation, and 41% in their own or family property. Hotel accommodation will be chosen by 12% of Croats, and accommodation in the camp by only 6%.Cost is a major factor in choosing a destinationThe main factor in choosing a destination is the cost (77%), followed by the recommendation of friends and family (51%). Also, important factors are distance to destination (38%), online reviews (31%), destination security (26%) and local offer (26%). The most important characteristics of the destination are accommodation costs (61%), price-quality ratio (59%), climatic conditions (39%), transport costs (39%), good transport connections (37%), diverse cultural and gastronomic offer ( 36%), event offerings (24%), nightlife (19%) and shopping opportunities (17%). Accommodation reservation is most common onlineWhen it comes to booking accommodation, the most common way is to book online through specialized booking sites or travel agency sites (40%), followed by direct contact by phone or email (31%). Approximately a quarter of respondents (26%) book accommodation through the accommodation provider’s website, while 13% of respondents do not need a reservation at all. Only 10% of respondents book accommodation by phone or e-mail with a travel agent, while only 8% do so in the office of a travel agency. According to the survey, the fewest are those (4%) who first come to the destination and only then seek accommodation.Online reservations are more common among the highly educated (53%), those from Dalmatia (62%), Istria, Primorje and Gorski kotar (58%) and those with monthly incomes above HRK 9.000 (65%) and HRK 12.000 (45%).Respondents pay almost half of their holiday expenses with cards As many as 60% of respondents pay for accommodation in cash. Accommodation is paid by 14% of Croats by debit card, and by 13% by internet banking. A smaller number of respondents decide to pay in installments. In addition to paying for accommodation, cash is most often used to pay for entertainment and recreational activities such as sports or wellness (42%), then excursions (58%), services in restaurants, cafes, clubs (74%), concert tickets, museums, theaters and galleries (59%) and the purchase of souvenirs (75%).On the other hand, debit cards are the most common method of payment in supermarkets (46%), at gas stations (39%) and in clothing and footwear stores (35%). There are interesting differences in the choice of payment methods between different groups. Those without any income use cash above average (85%) and cards below average (13%). Cash is also used to a greater extent by young people and those from Lika, Kordun and Banovina. Respondents with incomes above HRK 9.000 more often use cards – primarily to pay for catering services (over 50%), but also to purchase daily necessities (more than a third). Women, young people aged 18 to 29 and those without income or a monthly income of up to HRK 5.500 use cash to pay for fuel above average. On average, respondents pay almost half of their holiday expenses with cards (48%). Thus, a significant 40% of respondents use cards for slightly less than 40% of vacation costs, while over 60% of vacation costs are paid by cards for almost a third (30%) of domestic tourists.
Foreign cruise ships in the period from January to August 2018 increased the number of voyages by 4,6% compared to the same period in 2017.In the mentioned period in 2018, the number of passengers on these ships increased by 12,5%, while the total number of days spent was lower by 3,8% compared to the same period in 2017, according to data from the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS).In the period from January to August 2018, 61 foreign cruise ships entered Croatian seaports, with 451 cruises. There were 686 thousand passengers on these ships, who stayed in Croatia for 927 days.Source: CBSOut of a total of 451 cruises, most trips were realized in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County (55,9%) and the Split-Dalmatia County (24,0%), which is a total of 79,9%. The remaining 20,1% of trips were realized in the following counties: Zadar (6,4%), Istria (6,0%), Šibenik-Knin (5,3%) and Primorje-Gorski Kotar (2,4%).The port of Dubrovnik (346 visits) had the most visits of foreign cruise ships, followed by the ports of Split (166 visits) and Zadar (83 visits).RELATED NEWS:
The Međimurje song as an intangible cultural asset of Croatia could be on the UNESCO list at the end of November.Namely, at the end of November, the Committee for the Preservation of the Intangible Heritage of UNESCO will discuss the inclusion of Međimurje traditional songs on the representative list of the intangible heritage of mankind.On February 01, 2017, a meeting was held in Čakovec at which the procedure for inscribing the Međimurje song on the UNESCO list of intangible world heritage was initiated. By the way, Međimurska popevka became an intangible cultural asset and in 2013 received the status of a protected intangible cultural asset of Croatia, which paved the way for candidacy for the prestigious UNESCO list.”The Međimurje song is an indispensable part of the culture of Međimurje, but also a recognizable identity of Međimurje and Croatian cultural identity. It dates back to the 16th century, so getting the opportunity to nominate such a project on the UNESCO list of intangible heritage means that Međimurje and something from Međimurje comes toart of the world”, Said the Prefect of Međimurje County Matija Posavec during the initiation of the procedure of registration of Međimurje songs on the UNESCO representative list of intangible cultural heritage of the world.Popevka was declared a Croatian cultural asset in 2013, which paved the way for UNESCO. The Međimurje song dates from the 16th century and is an indispensable part of the culture and identity of Međimurje, but also of Croatian cultural identity. The Međimurje song is a favorite and recognizable musical-traditional sign of Croatian identity, which attracts attention beyond national borders. The Međimurje song consists of verses that are sung to a melody (vižu), forming a song (pesem).If everything goes according to plan, the Medjiur songs will be the 14th pride and joy on the list of intangible heritage from Croatia.See the video of the candidacies of Međimurje songs for the UNESCO representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of the world in the attachment.