Category: rijprlpi

Cameron has to work hard to eclipse BoJo

first_imgMonday 4 October 2010 9:12 pm Show Comments ▼ KCS-content IN the run-up to this conference, Tory strategists promised a more upbeat tone. Ed Miliband’s claim that Labour is the optimistic alternative to the dour coalition cutters appears to have hit home.The Conservatives have done their best to trot out popular announcements on high-speed rail and education scholarships for the armed forces, but these are just old policies re-heated to provide some conference cheer. HARD TIMESThe only substantive thing the government announced yesterday was cuts to child benefit for higher rate tax payers and a cap on benefits for the unemployed. Try as they might, the spinners can’t put a positive gloss on that. “We would really have liked to come to conference with loads of goodies to announce, but the cupboard is bare,” a senior party strategist moaned.BOJO KNOCKS ‘EM DEADWith delegates down in the doldrums, Boris Johnson is only too keen to provide a spot of light relief. The most popular fringe event so far has been the Rally for Boris, organised by grassroots website ConservativeHome (sadly, the New Statesman held its own, poorly attended, party at the same time). Share Cameron has to work hard to eclipse BoJo whatsapp whatsapp More From Our Partners Police Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgI blew off Adam Sandler 22 years ago — and it’s my biggest regretnypost.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgKiller drone ‘hunted down a human target’ without being told tonypost.comA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.com Tags: NULL And yesterday, the London Mayor delivered a barnstorming speech with inimitable bluster and bombast: the crowd lapped it up. He took no prisoners, in a speech that hit out a trade unionists – much to the mirth of his audience – but also warned central government to spare London from the worst of swingeing cuts. “If you come to City Hall, I can show you the physical evidence of the cuts we have been making,” Boris said in what sounded like a direct invitation to the chancellor.”He added: “A whole Marie Celeste floor of deserted desks waiting to be rented out to another agency”.David Cameron’s aides insist he is completely relaxed about Boris’ popularity, but it surely must rankle. His speech tomorrow is unlikely to elicit the same tub-thumping that accompanied the mayor’s speech.What about Boris for PM? Well, if the results of my quick, and entirely unscientific, straw poll are anything to go by, party activists would be thrilled to see him as Tory leader.A JOKE FROM GEORGETo give them their due, George Osborne’s speechwriters have also been doing their best to lighten the mood. The chancellor – who has a famously terse relationship with business secretary Vince Cable – made light of their mutual wariness with a joke about the feuding Milibands. The chancellor said: “People said we wouldn’t get on, that we’d trade cruel nicknames, that we would knife each other in the back, that we’d try to end each others’ careers. Who do they think we are? Brothers?” last_img read more

Citigroup hit as its trading revenues slide

first_img Read This NextRicky Schroder Calls Foo Fighters’ Dave Grohl ‘Ignorant Punk’ forThe WrapCNN’s Brian Stelter Draws Criticism for Asking Jen Psaki: ‘What Does theThe WrapDid Donald Trump Wear His Pants Backwards? Kriss Kross Memes Have AlreadyThe WrapPink Floyd’s Roger Waters Denies Zuckerberg’s Request to Use Song in Ad:The Wrap’Sex and the City’ Sequel Series at HBO Max Adds 4 More ReturningThe WrapHarvey Weinstein to Be Extradited to California to Face Sexual AssaultThe WrapThe Truth About Bottled Water – Get the Facts on Drinking Bottled WaterGayot’The View’: Meghan McCain Calls VP Kamala Harris a ‘Moron’ for BorderThe Wrap’Black Widow’ First Reactions: ‘This Is Like the MCU’s Bond Movie’The Wrap KCS-content Citigroup hit as its trading revenues slide Show Comments ▼ whatsapp Tags: NULLcenter_img whatsapp by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesBrake For ItThe Most Worthless Cars Ever MadeBrake For ItBetterBe20 Stunning Female AthletesBetterBeautooverload.comDeclassified Vietnam War Photos The Public Wasn’t Meant To Seeautooverload.comSenior Living | Search AdsNew Senior Apartments Coming Nearby Scottsdale (Take a Look at The Prices)Senior Living | Search AdsAlphaCute30 Rules That All “Hells Angels” Have To FollowAlphaCute Tuesday 18 January 2011 8:41 pm A SHARP drop in bond trading revenue pushed Citigroup fourth-quarter profit far below expectations, highlighting chief executive Vikram Pandit’s challenges in fully reviving the bank.The earnings miss by Citigroup, which only survived the financial crisis thanks to a massive taxpayer bailout, stoked concern that the bank has yet to resolve the operational weaknesses that have plagued it for years.Shares of the US’s third-biggest bank — which have rallied strongly over the past year as the the US government gradually sold off its stake in the bank — fell 5.3 per cent after it reported a net profit of $1.3bn (£814.6m).The bank’s fixed-income revenue alone dropped 58 per cent from the third quarter – compared to a 7.9 per cent drop at larger rival JPMorgan Chase, which reported on Friday. “This was one of the weaker quarters for trading,” chief financial officer John Gerspach said, acknowledging Citi’s investment bank has also struggled in other areas like the M&A league tables.But he argued that trading results tend to ebb and flow, adding that “one quarter doesn’t make a trend”. Gerspach also forecast that “key hires” made in 2010 would boost securities and trading performance in 2011. He added that the poor performance had come despite relatively strong volumes. Sharelast_img read more

Michigan betting revenue reaches $1.97m in August

first_imgThe properties were permitted to reopen from 5 August, but limited to 15% of their fire code capacity to avoid transmission of the virus. Detroit’s three commercial casinos generated revenue of $69.3m in August, the first results reported since the properties reopened following four and a half months closed due to novel coronavirus (Covid-19), while sports betting’s contribution grew to $1.97m. Michigan betting revenue reaches $1.97m in August 15th September 2020 | By Aaron Noy This had a knock-on effect on revenue, with the contribution from slots and table games falling 42.0% year-on-year, according to the Michigan Gaming Control Board’s (MGCB) figures. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter For sports betting, in what was effectively Michigan’s first extended period of legal wagering, players wagered $15.7m, with the three properties reporting adjusted gross receipts of $1.97m. Detroit’s three commercial casinos generated revenue of $69.3m in August, the first results reported since the properties reopened following four and a half months closed due to novel coronavirus (Covid-19), while sports betting’s contribution grew to $1.97m. The venues paid total taxes of $5.6m to the state of Michigan, compared to $9.7m in the prior year, as well as $8.3m in wagering taxes and development agreement payments to the city of Detroit for the month.center_img Email Address Topics: Casino & games Finance This broke down to $28.6m from MGM Grand Detroit – a 46.0% decline from August 2019 – with revenue at MotorCity Casino down 37.5% to $25.0m, and Penn National’s Greektown Casino reporting a 41.5% drop in revenue to $15.7m. Casino & games Regions: US Michigan Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Read the full story on iGB North America.last_img read more

ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) 2009 Annual Report

first_imgZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2009 annual report.For more information about ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: ZB Financial Holdings Limited (ZBFH.zw)  2009 annual report.Company ProfileZB Financial Holdings Limited provides financial solutions to the commercial and merchant banking sector in Zimbabwe, as well as retail banking services, insurance operations and strategic investments. Known as Zimbank, the company services its clients through a nationwide footprint of branches in major towns and cities in Zimbabwe and electronic delivery channels. The Insurance division provides structured insurance products for short- and long-term insurance; and the Strategic Investment division offers shared services which include risk management, compliance and human resources, and investments in property holdings and sub-sectors of the financial sector. ZB Financial Holdings Limited is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchangelast_img read more

[Cuatro] Apartments / Estudio A+3

first_imgPhotographs:  Gonzalo ViramonteSave this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteRecommended ProductsWoodBruagBalcony BalustradesWoodGustafsWood Veneered Wall & Ceiling PanelsWoodAccoyaAccoya® Cladding, Siding & FacadesKitchen Furniture / CountertopsApavisaSlabs – LinetopText description provided by the architects. The project is located in a quiet residential area which still retains and uses the space of the past. Neighbors gather on the sidewalk, get together by block, living outer space. Our goal is focused on reinterpreting and preserve these kind of use.Save this picture!Site PlanDue to the small lot (117sqm) where the project is inserted, spaces had to be in different levels. On the entrance level a multipurpose space arises (During the overnight it acts as garage and during the day as an expansion area). In levels one and two, there are the four apartments. Above all, a terrace was incorporated. An expansion with grill and beautiful views of the mountains.Save this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteApartmens social areas where opened towards the street, through a large window expansion and manage to extend the horizon over the environment. Bedrooms where opened onto a small patio on the back of the building. With the aim of  bringing some natural light to the bath , small window where opened between bath and kitchen in shared wall.Save this picture!First and Second Floor PlanNeeds of a growing social segment were solved, in as small apartment complex. Safety and comfort where achived into the inclusion of garage and individual terraces.Save this picture!© Gonzalo ViramonteProject gallerySee allShow lesspenda to Build Modular, Customizable Housing Tower in IndiaUnbuilt ProjectJuly ABI Remains StrongArchitecture NewsProject locationAddress:San Martín, Córdoba, Córdoba, ArgentinaLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share Projects [Cuatro] Apartments / Estudio A+3Save this projectSave[Cuatro] Apartments / Estudio A+3 Save this picture!© Gonzalo Viramonte+ 24 Share ArchDaily CopyHousing•Córdoba, Argentina Area:  234 m² Area:  234 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project “COPY” Argentina 2014 ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/771907/cuatro-apartments-estudio-a-plus-3 Clipboard Year:  ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/771907/cuatro-apartments-estudio-a-plus-3 Clipboard 2014 [Cuatro] Apartments / Estudio A+3 “COPY” Photographs Year:  Architects: Estudio A+3 Area Area of this architecture project Housing CopyAbout this officeEstudio A+3OfficeFollowProductsSteelConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingCórdobaArgentinaPublished on August 19, 2015Cite: “[Cuatro] Apartments / Estudio A+3” 19 Aug 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – MetrisVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ Cross HairlinePartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Mirage®SinksThe Splash LabTrough Sink – Monolith A SeriesSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylights in Helmkehof Cultural CenterBathroom AccessoriesBradley Corporation USAWashroom AccessoriesConcrete FloorsSikaDecorative Floor CoatingsMetal PanelsSherwin-Williams Coil CoatingsFluropon® Coating in Thaden SchoolWood Boards / HPL PanelsInvestwoodViroc Nature for Partition WallsMineral / Organic PaintsKEIMMineral Wood Stain – Lignosil®-VeranoDoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – MAGNEOSinksECOPIXELWashbasin – Light Basin LTBMore products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

AOL more accessible to blind people

 11 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AOL version 6.0, due out this Autumn, is to work with a screen reader interface which will enable easier navigation for blind people. As a result the American National Association for the Blind announced that it had withdrawn its test case against the company.Read UK Fundraising’s report. AOL more accessible to blind people Advertisement Howard Lake | 2 August 2000 | News read more

Planned Parenthood vindicated: Makers of fraudulent videos indicted

first_imgIn a dramatic turnaround, two of the right-wingers who created a fraudulent series of videos designed to discredit and ultimately destroy Planned Parenthood, the largest nonprofit health care provider for poor and working women in the U.S., were indicted on Jan. 25.The charges grew out of a two-month investigation of Planned Parenthood Gulf Coast by a Houston grand jury to determine if Planned Parenthood had engaged in the illegal sale of fetal tissue for profit. That is what the deceptively edited videos created by the so-called Center for Medical Progress attempted to show when they were released last July.Once it became obvious to the grand jury that Planned Parenthood was blameless, the evidence revealed that the right-wing group CMP had engaged in many illegal practices — including falsely presenting CMP as a biological research group, registered with the Internal Revenue Service as a 501(c)3 nonprofit charity in order to receive unlimited, anonymous donations. Rather, it is a front group for an anti-abortion sting operation.Two CMP videographers, David Daleiden and Sandra Merritt, were charged with second-degree felonies, which carry a 20-year sentence in Texas, for tampering with government records — creating phony driver’s licenses in order to gain access to Planned Parenthood Gulf Coast and interview providers there. Daleiden was also charged with trying to procure human fetal tissue for pay.An article posted on Oliver Willis’ blog, “Who’s Behind the Center for Medical Progress?” reveals the nefarious web of anti-abortion, Christian zealots and domestic terrorists behind the misnamed “Center for Medical Progress.” (oliverwillis.com, July 30, 2015)David Daleiden honed his skills creating fraudulent videos as “director of research” for the virulent anti-abortion Live Action group, founded by Lily Rose in 2004. The group produced a series of anti-choice videos from 2010-13 that accused abortion clinic providers and workers of illegal and unethical practices. The videos and the organization have since been widely discredited. Willis conjectures that it’s “actually possible” that CMP is a cover for Live Action.Operation Rescue, one of the most vocal, reactionary anti-choice groups with ties to white-supremacist, racist, right-wing groups, worked “in consultation” with CMP on the videos. Troy Newman, OR president and board member of CMP — who “retired” after the indictments — defended Paul Hill, who was convicted of murder in the 2003 killing of Dr. John Britton and James Barnett outside a Pensacola, Fla., abortion clinic. OR said such murders are “justifiable” to protect the unborn. Newman advocates and practices terrorism in many forms, including stalking, harassing and intimidating clinic workers, patients and escorts.Cheryl Sullenger, OR senior policy advisor, served time for attempting to bomb a clinic in San Diego and aided Scott Roeder, who killed abortion provider Dr. George Tiller in his church in Wichita, Kan., in 2009.The most alarming aspect of the fraudulent videos is that many right-wing legislators in Congress and various states, as well as reactionary presidential candidates, lauded the videos and promoted a national campaign to defund Planned Parenthood. That would endanger basic health care delivery for millions of poor and working women, disproportionately women of color, immigrants, homeless women, young women, victims of domestic violence and terrorism, women living in rural areas, and women with disabilities.Planned Parenthood was also subjected to terrorism, including several instances of arson and three murders at a clinic in Colorado Springs, Colo.; a series of insulting Congressional hearings; and investigations in a dozen states, which produced no charges.On Jan. 15, Planned Parenthood filed a lawsuit in San Francisco federal district court against the CMP, alleging that the group, by setting up a fake tissue procurement company and using fake identities to set up private meetings, engaged in wire and mail fraud violation, unlawfully invaded Planned Parenthood’s privacy, and engaged in illegal secret recording and trespassing.While legal, safe abortion has been the law of the land for the past 43 years, all women’s right to exert control over their own bodies is far from guaranteed. This spring the Supreme Court is hearing the first case about abortion rights in 25 years. The struggle for reproductive justice continues.Kathy Durkin contributed to this article.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Councillor says Justice Minister is wrong to advocate community service

first_img Councillor says Justice Minister is wrong to advocate community service Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th By News Highland – March 11, 2014 Previous articleJudge appointed to review OTR letters following Downey trial collapseNext articleHogan is diluting the bottom-up approach of Leader – Cope News Highland Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Facebook WhatsApp Google+ Twitter RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Twittercenter_img Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Pinterest Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Pinterest Google+ Facebook News A Donegal Councillor has called on the Justice Minister to encourage increasing sentences for serious crime.Alan Shatter has criticised the judiciary for not giving enough consideration to imposing community service over a prison sentence.But Councillor Paul Canning says the minister should be encouraging more lenghty custodial sentences – he has given the example of a case in Donegal were a man involved in a garda chase, and with 36 charges, served just two days in prison before fleeing his 1,000 euro bailHe says the Minister has got it wrong:[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/pcannSHAT.mp3[/podcast] 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North WhatsApplast_img read more

RTI Application Not To Be Rejected Merely For Not Annexing Proof Of Citizenship: CIC

first_imgRTIRTI Application Not To Be Rejected Merely For Not Annexing Proof Of Citizenship: CIC LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK1 Jan 2021 5:09 AMShare This – xThe Central Information Commission has observed that an RTI application cannot be rejected merely for not annexing proof of identity of the applicant.The authority can demand such proof only in rarest of rare case in which there is doubt about the citizenship status of the applicant, the Commission observed.R K Malik, had filed an RTI application before Central Public Information…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Central Information Commission has observed that an RTI application cannot be rejected merely for not annexing proof of identity of the applicant.The authority can demand such proof only in rarest of rare case in which there is doubt about the citizenship status of the applicant, the Commission observed.R K Malik, had filed an RTI application before Central Public Information Officer, Military Engineer Services. This was rejected on the ground that that the Proof of ID was not found enclosed.  While considering the appeal, Information Commissioner Vanaja N. Sarna, referred to an earlier order passed by CIC in this regard in which it was observed as follows:The Commission considers this attitude of the Respondents as against the spirit of the RTI-Act. Actually Section 3 of the Act reads, ‘Subject to the provisions of this Act, all citizens shall have the right to information’. Nowhere does it say, nor imply, that a person would be required to prove his citizenship every time that he was asking for information. Thus, there are thousands of applications which are considered without a person providing a certificate to prove that he is an Indian citizen. This means that in the rarest of rare cases where there is a doubt that the applicant is indeed an Indian citizen, the Public Authority may ask him for proof. This, however, can only be an exception rather than the rule.”The commission said that  it is not explained how the present case is a rarest of rare case in which there is doubt about the citizenship status of the applicant i.e. he is not an Indian citizen. Directing the authority to provide information as sought for, the commission further observed:A strict warning is also issued to the concerned CPIO, Engineer in Chief office, for such blatant violation of the RTI Act. He should note that such kind of act amounts to denial of information which violates the letter and spirit of the RTI Act. In case such a mistake is repeated in future by him, the Commission will be constrained to initiate penal proceedings u/s 20 of the RTI Act . Further, in future he should remain present before the Commission for hearing without fail or at least intimate the Commission if he is unable to be present on some valid grounds .Click here to Read/Download OrderRead OrderNext Storylast_img read more

Consent Of Parties Cannot Obviate Duty Of Court To Indicate Its Reasons For Granting Or Refusing Bail: Supreme Court

first_imgTop StoriesConsent Of Parties Cannot Obviate Duty Of Court To Indicate Its Reasons For Granting Or Refusing Bail: Supreme Court LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK20 April 2021 2:18 AMShare This – xConsent of parties cannot obviate the duty of the High Court to indicate its reasons why it has either granted or refuse bail, the Supreme Court observed.The bench comprising Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah observed that a Court granting bail cannot obviate its duty to apply a judicial mind and to record reasons, brief as they may be, for the purpose of deciding whether or not to…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginConsent of parties cannot obviate the duty of the High Court to indicate its reasons why it has either granted or refuse bail, the Supreme Court observed.The bench comprising Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah observed that a Court granting bail cannot obviate its duty to apply a judicial mind and to record reasons, brief as they may be, for the purpose of deciding whether or not to grant bail.The court observed thus while setting aside the orders of the High Court of Gujarat granting bail, under Section 439 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, to six murder accused who were arrested for their alleged involvement in five homicidal deaths. In the order granting bail, the High Court recorded that ‘Learned Advocates appearing on behalf of the respective parties do not press for further reasoned order’. Disapproving this approach, the bench observed: “The grant of bail is a matter which implicates the liberty of the accused, the interest of the State and the victims of crime in the proper administration of criminal justice. It is a well-settled principle that in determining as to whether bail should be granted, the High Court, or for that matter, the Sessions Court deciding an application under Section 439 of the CrPC would not launch upon a detailed evaluation of the facts on merits since a criminal trial is still to take place. These observations while adjudicating upon bail would also not be binding on the outcome of the trial. But the Court granting bail cannot obviate its duty to apply a judicial mind and to record reasons, brief as they may be, for the purpose of deciding whether or not to grant bail. The consent of parties cannot obviate the duty of the High Court to indicate its reasons why it has either granted or refused bail. This is for the reason that the outcome of the application has a significant bearing on the liberty of the accused on one hand as well as the public interest in the due enforcement of criminal justice on the other. The rights of the victims and their families are at stake as well. These are not matters involving the private rights of two individual parties, as in a civil proceeding. The proper enforcement of criminal law is a matter of public interest. We must, therefore, disapprove of the manner in which a succession of orders in the present batch of cases has recorded that counsel for the “respective parties do not press for further reasoned order”. If this is a euphemism for not recording adequate reasons, this kind of a formula cannot shield the order from judicial scrutiny.””Grant of bail under Section 439 of the CrPC is a matter involving the exercise of judicial discretion. Judicial discretion in granting or refusing bail – as in the case of any other discretion which is vested in a court as a judicial institution – is not unstructured. The duty to record reasons is a significant safeguard which ensures that the discretion which is entrusted to the court is exercised in a judicious manner. The recording of reasons in a judicial order ensures that the thought process underlying the order is subject to scrutiny and that it meets objective standards of reason and justice. This Court in Chaman Lal v. State of U.P.8 in a similar vein has held that an order of a High Court which does not contain reasons for prima facie concluding that a bail should be granted is liable to be set aside for non-application of mind.”Nature of the offence is a circumstance which has an important bearing on the grant of bailThe court also noted that the orders of the High Court does not have any discussion about the serious nature of the offence.The nature of the offence is a circumstance which has an important bearing on the grant of bail. The orders of the High Court are conspicuous in the absence of any awareness or elaboration of the serious nature of the offence. The perversity lies in the failure of the High Court to consider an important circumstance which has a bearing on whether bail should be granted. In the two-judge Bench decision of this Court in Ram Govind Upadhyay v. Sudharshan Singh the nature of the crime was recorded as “one of the basic considerations” which has a bearing on the grant or denial of bail. The considerations which govern the grant of bail were elucidated in the judgment of this Court without attaching an exhaustive nature or character to them.We are constrained to observe that the orders passed by the High Court granting bail fail to pass muster under the law. They are oblivious to, and innocent of, the nature and gravity of the alleged offences and to the severity of the punishment in the event of conviction.Whether an order granting a bail is a precedent on grounds of parity is a matter for future adjudication In this case, the High Court while granting bail, observed that the order would not be treated as precedent in any other case on grounds of parity. Disapproving this, the bench said:”We are left unimpressed with and disapprove of the above observation of the Single Judge. Whether parity can be claimed by any other accused on the basis of the order granting bail to A-13 ought not to have been pre-judged by the Single Judge who was dealing only with the application for the grant of bail to A-13. The observation that the grant of bail to A-13 shall not be considered as a precedent for any other person who is accused in the FIR on grounds of parity does not constitute judicially appropriate reasoning. Whether an order granting a bail is a precedent on grounds of parity is a matter for future adjudication if and when an application for bail is moved on the grounds of parity on behalf of another accused. In the event that parity is claimed in such a case thereafter, it is for that court before whom parity is claimed to determine whether a case for the grant of bail on reasons of parity is made out. In other words, the observations of the Single Judge which have been noticed above are inappropriate and erroneous.”Case: Ramesh Bhavan Rathod vs. Vishanbhai Hirabhai Makwana Makwana (Koli)Coram: Justices DY Chandrachud and MR ShahCounsel: Sr. Adv Vinay Navare, Adv Jaikriti S Jadeja, Adv Aniruddha P Mayee, Sr. Adv r J S Atri,  Adv Nikhil GoelCitation:  LL 2021 SC 221Click here to Read/Download JudgmentSubscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more