Category: ielwinqm

Liverpool pole position in Gotze chase, Lukaku latest and fight for Barca keeper

first_imgHere are the top transfer-related stories in Tuesday’s newspapers…Jurgen Klopp is closing in on a double signing from his native Germany, with the Reds in pole position to sign Bayern Munich star Mario Gotze and Cologne defender Jonas Hector. (Daily Mirror)Chelsea and Manchester United will have to pay more than £50million to sign Romelu Lukaku this summer – and Everton will fight to keep him even if they receive offers of that size. (Daily Mirror)Manchester City and Liverpool are ready to DOUBLE the wages of barcelona goalkeeper Marc-Andre ter Stegen to lure him to the Premier League. The 23-year-old is reportedly unhappy being used as a Cup player by the La Liga giants. (The Sun)Marcos Rojo will quit Manchester United when his contract ends in 2019. The 26-year-old defender will return to his native Argentina to sign for Estudiantes. (Manchester Evening News)Chelsea have identified AC Milan’s 17-year-old goalkeeper, Gianluigi Donnarumma, as a top target if they decide to sell Thibaut Courtois this summer. (Daily Mail)Tottenham are interested in signing Bournemouth winger Matt Richie this summer. (The Sun)Arsene Wenger will NOT quit as Arsenal boss in the summer. The Frenchman is determined to stay in his position despite another disappointing trophy-less campaign. (beIN Sports)Barcelona are considering renaming the Nou Camp stadium in honour of former manager and player Johan Cruyff. The world famous ground is set to be renamed the Johan Cruyff Stadium following the Dutchman’s death last week. (Daily Mail)Swansea City want Brendan Rodgers back at the Liberty Stadium. The Swans held talks with the 43-year-old over the possibility of replacing Garry Monk in December. (Wales Online)And here are the latest talkSPORT.com headlines…?‘We’d love to sign Zlatan Ibrahimovic!’ – West Ham co-chairman David Sullivan tells talkSPORT of audacious transfer plans Go get Zlatan! Arsenal great urges Wenger to make move for ‘priceless’ IbrahimovicManchester United ready to join transfer fight for Portgual star Rafa SilvaArsenal ready to break transfer record to sign £65m-rated Borussia Dortmund striker Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang Transfer rumours and paper review 1last_img read more

Scientist says Death just got a ‘lil hotter

first_imgThe valley holds the highest temperature in the world on record – 134 degrees observed July 10, 1913. Newhall’s matching reading occurred July 17, 2005, at about 5 p.m., though the official temperature that day according to the National Weather Service was about 128 degrees. Donald Maker, a Las Vegas-based National Weather Service meteorologist who also monitors San Bernardino and Inyo counties in California, said temperature readings could vary based on the instrument used and where it’s located. A station set too close to the ground could get higher readings compared to one at eye level. “We look for a site where it would give us a natural temperature reading,” he said. “Death Valley gathers a lot of attention because it’s pretty much one of the hottest places on earth. “You want to keep it over dirt or grass. You don’t want to put it over asphalt. The regular topography of the area is mainly what you’re concerned about.” Maker said the weather service has been tracking the valley’s air temperature since 1958. Since the agency is interested in maintaining a consistent record to reveal long-term climate trends, it’s not likely to move the Furnace Creek station. “We cannot use that information for the climatology record,” Maker said. “They could provide useful information for real-time data, but when it comes to actual information, we preferred it come from equipment we issue.” Newhall acknowledged his reading was not official – his thermograph is set about two feet off the ground compared to the six feet at the official station. Yet he hopes the weather service would take notice of the phenomenon and take readings from that side of the valley. “It’s largely been anecdotal that there are many places in the valley where temperatures are much higher than at the official weather station. … What I’m trying to do is for the temperatures to show there is enough evidence for (the weather service) to put a station out there, so it’s official.” Newhall treks out to the desert every few weeks in the summer to service his instruments – reloading paper, coyote-proofing the station. “I just like the place,” he said. Local park rangers have been following his project, though it took some convincing. The first time he checked on his thermograph, Newhall was detained by a ranger – he didn’t have a permit for his experiment. “He called for backup,” Newhall recalled. “When they realized I wasn’t going to do anything, they invited me to do a presentation. I went from a potential criminal to a guest speaker.” “It’s not unusual for our researchers to come across patrol agents,” said Mel Essington, the park’s permit coordinator. “He has talked to the staff and about the variations. Of course, Skip is very enthused in what’s here and of course, we’re interested in following his work.” Still, whether Newhall is proven right or not, Death Valley is undoubtedly one of hottest places on Earth. “If you were standing out in the field, you wouldn’t perceive much difference,” Essington said. “It would just be hot.” eugene.tong@dailynews.com (661)257-5253160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! VALENCIA – It was a hot day in the desert, and local scientist Skip Newhall isn’t about to let it slip away. Newhall has been taking the temperature at Death Valley National Park for two years – one of the retired JPL astronomer’s many science-related hobbies. While studying last summer’s thermograph data for an annual report he files each March with the National Park Service, he noticed the temperature one day in July hit a mercury-busting 134 degrees Fahrenheit, tying the world record set in the valley in 1913. Not only did it turn Newhall’s head, it’s more evidence to the popular belief the desert often gets a lot hotter than what’s officially reported, he said. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREOregon Ducks football players get stuck on Disney ride during Rose Bowl event“I wanted to prove Death Valley is hotter where I’m at in comparison to Furnace Creek,” he said, referring to the site of the park’s official visitor’s center, where the National Weather Service takes temperature readings. Newhall kept mum about the exact location of his instruments – he only said it’s on the west side of Death Valley, somewhere in the salt basin. “I have to hide it,” he said. “People may vandalize it.” It wasn’t exactly global warming, Newhall said. Death Valley’s heat is a function of geography and air pressure, where air descends 11,300 feet from the peaks down to the valley bottom of about 280 feet below sea level. During the drop, pressure increases, and compressed heating further cooks the air. “You get a drop,” Newhall said. “And when you compress air, it heats up. It cooks on the floor.” last_img read more

Glasgow woman searches for the Donegal grandmother she never knew

first_imgA Scottish woman has issued a heartrending appeal in the hopes that she can be reunited with the Donegal grandmother she never knew.Jacqueline Archibald and her late mum Marie searched for Marie’s mum for many years now.Marie’s mum, who would now be in her 80s, arrived in Scotland in 1948 when she was between just fourteen and sixteen years old to give birth to Marie. She is thought to have been from the Ardsbeg or Upper Keeldrum area, near Gortahork, whom she called Mary (Jacqueline’s mother – pictured above, when she was approximately 25).Once the baby was delivered on the 14th of April, 1948, her mother named her Mary and she was given up for adoption via a Catholic Adoption Agency in Glasgow.Jacqueline’s late mother was raised by Mr. and Mrs. Campbell in Glasgow. “I think my birth grandmother knew their names as the adoption was done through the church.”Once the adoption was finalised, Mrs. Campbell re-named her Marie. Jacqueline and mum Marie“She only came to Glasgow to have the child I believe, then returned to Donegal. It was all a bit cloak and dagger through the Catholic Church, as no records were kept at that time.”“I think because she was unmarried and very young she would have been forced to [give up the baby] due to the Catholic beliefs at the time.”“Unfortunately my mother passed away very young and we are left with no family members on my mum’s side.”Jacqueline explains that there is a good chance her grandmother may not be alive, but she is hoping that there may be relatives who may have known of a baby born in Glasgow.Over the years, Jacqueline and her brother have tried to uncover their Donegal roots. They searched through old adoption archives in Edinburgh and Glasgow to no avail. She even conducted a DNA test with genealogy site Ancestry.com, which informed her that she has distant relatives in New Zealand with the surname Cordue – but showed up nothing linking her to Donegal.Any information which can help us bring this family together again would be greatly appreciated. You can contact Donegal Daily by emailing info@donegaldaily.com or send us a message on our Facebook page.Glasgow woman searches for the Donegal grandmother she never knew was last modified: August 20th, 2016 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:1948found familyGlasgowmissing familyReunitedlast_img read more

FATHER-OF-FOUR APPEARS IN COURT CHARGED WITH SERIOUS ASSAULT ON DOORMAN

first_imgA married father-of-four has appeared at Letterkenny District Court charged with a serious assault on a local doorman.Ian Balfour, 36, was out on a stag party in Letterkenny at the weekend when the alleged incident happened.Balfour, a part-time farmer, appeared in court wearing a suit and tie and with a blackened right eye. He was charged with a Section 3 assault.The court heard that Balfour, of Bellanaleck, Enniskillen, Co Fermanagh, was arrested at 2.55am on February 24th.He was taken to Letterkenny Garda station and was charged at 2.54pm.The arrest relates to an incident in which a doorman at the Central Bar on the town’s Main Street received a serious eye injury as a result of an alleged altercation.A number of the alleged victim’s family and friends were in court for this morning’s hearing.There was also a strong Garda presence at the brief hearing.Gardai said they had no objection to bail and the accused was released with a number of conditions.Solicitor Patsy Gallagher was told his client must sign on once a week at Ballyconnell Garda station and is also to produce bail of €1,000 and an independent surety of €2,000.He was also ordered to stay away from any witnesses in the case.AT HEARINGFATHER-OF-FOUR APPEARS IN COURT CHARGED WITH SERIOUS ASSAULT ON DOORMAN was last modified: February 25th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:assaultCentral BarGardaIan BalfordletterkennyLetterkenny District Courtlast_img read more

Man Utd boss blames official

first_imgManchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson was an angry man after the 3-3 draw at Chelsea despite his team’s dramatic fightback from three down.He was furious United were not given a penalty when the game was finely poised at 0-0.Gary Cahill appeared to foul Danny Welback but referee Howard Webb did not award a spot-kick.“It’s two points dropped because we played so well, other than the 10 minutes after half-time. It’s not easy getting back from 3-0 down – that’s a massive effort from my players,” Ferguson told Sky Sports.“It was a sending off. The linesman has given two penalties against us at Old Trafford in the last two years – one against Arsenal and one against Liverpool – from 45 yards away, but he can’t see that? I don’t blame Howard Webb. I blame the assistant.”Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

South African captains Costa Concordia’s final voyage

first_imgDivers from the Italian Navy’s Operational Divers Group (GOS) prepare to search underwater for survivors of the capsized Costa Concordia in January 2012. (Image: Italian Navy GOS) • Captain Nicholas Sloane Senior Salvage Master Costa Concordia Removal Project +27 83 648 2649 nick.sloane@titansalvage.com • South African women marine pilots make history • Ships pitch in for 2010 • Mercy Vision: sight to the blind • Cooperating to cut down piracy • Durban reels in its biggest fishMelissa Jane CookThe wrecked Costa Concordia cruise ship began her final voyage on 23 July, after spending more than 600 days partially submerged near Isola del Giglio, Italy. The wreck is being towed to the north-western Italian port of Genoa, where she will be dismantled for scrap.The city is home to the ship’s owner, Costa Crociere Spa, and the trip will take four days. The Associated Press reported that boat sirens wailed and bells tolled on the island just before two tugboats pulled the Concordia away from Giglio’s port.Accompanying the tugs and Concordia, moving at two knots, or 3.7 kilometres an hour, are several boats to monitor any pollution in the waters, which are home to dolphins. Nets have been attached to the sides of the liner in case any remnants of the last passenger cruise, such as dishware, pots and pans, bed linen, chairs and other furnishings, tumble out.The cruise ship capsized after striking a reef on 13 January 2012, killing 32 passengers and crew members. A South African has been at the helm of the greatest salvage of all time: Captain Nicholas Sloane is the senior salvage master on the Costa Concordia Removal Project. The complex salvage operation, for which a technique called “parbuckling” was used, was the largest and most expensive in history. The actual parbuckling took 19 hours, and when it was complete, the ship’s horn sounded above the crowd’s shouts and cheers.A week after she was refloated, the Costa Concordia was slowly raised off the reef for her final journey.Tragedy struckThe Costa Concordia was sailing in the Tyrrhenian Sea with more than 4 200 passengers and crew when she struck rocks off the Italian island of Giglio, ripping a 48.7m gash in her hull. The ship began to list and soon lost power when the engine room flooded. Despite the growing disaster, the order to abandon ship was not issued for more than an hour. The evacuation took more than six hours. In all, 32 people were killed, and the body of one presumed victim, Indian waiter Russel Rebello, was never found. A search for his body on the seabed, where the ship lay, will begin on Friday.Removing the Concordia and taking her to Genoa would cost $2-billion, Costa Crociere chief executive Michael Tamm said. The ship, which first sailed in 2005, cost about $570-million.Watch the 19-hour raise of the Costa Concordia, in 2 minutesSalvage challengesSloane said the Costa Concordia was the biggest ship ever salvaged with the use of external buoyancy only. “This means placing 32 sponsons around her like arm-bands on a kid to swim [water-wings].”Her location made the feasibility of such a technique almost impossible, and most other salvage companies around the world said that it could not be done, citing various reasons.“First, we had to support the ship on the edge of the underwater cliff – so that she could not fall down into deeper water. She was resting on two outcrops – roughly 100 metres apart – so we had a valley of 100m wide, with a depth of up to 25 metres beneath the ship’s hull. There was no support for 100 metres to the bow or 100 metres to the stern,” explained Sloane.“We had over 120 divers placing grout bags on the seabed [and] then filling them with grout cement. Over 24 000 tons of grout was used and the finished result had to be as good as a bed mattress – to support the Concordia when we parbuckled her last September.”He said that once parbuckled, “she came to rest on six platforms – three large platforms under her belly and three smaller ones under her stern section. The bow was supported by a huge neck brace, allied a blister tank. These were 6 500 cu/m [cubic metres] of buoyancy to support her weight forward of the reefs.”Drilling into the granite rock was extremely difficult, given the angle 25 to 35 degrees and the need for accuracy – the holes had to fit the legs of the platforms, which were being made all around Italy. The hole diameter was two metres and the drill head weighed over 70 tons, but the legs fitted perfectly once the platforms arrived.The weather added to the difficulty, Sloane said. Over the winter seasons it was far worse than predicted, “with three times 10-year storms encountered we lost almost 100 days the first winter alone, on the drilling programme”.Watch the South African salvage master make historyPeople on the jobSloane said that getting the right people to carry out the project, and stay with it as continuity was vitally important, was a big part of its success. “To develop a long-term salvage plan, and then be able to adapt it at short notice without having a negative impact on other phases of the project, requires a core team that can follow the changes and then drive the changes to get off the critical path.”There were up to 530 people working on it in 2013, with 325 this year, from 26 nationalities, which added to the difficulties.Dedicated to the jobA job of this nature does not offer regular hours and Sloane said that it had been very difficult for him to be away from his family for such long periods of time. “Being away from my wife, Sandra, and children, Nicola, Johnathan and Julia-Raine, is extremely difficult. Normally a salvage operation is over in in five to 10 weeks, with wreck removal taking longer, but seldom more than a year. This project has been very demanding and has kept me away from them a lot, maybe only had three months at home in 27, with them visiting me here for a few weeks in school holidays.”A love for the oceanWith a deep love of the sea, Sloane maintains that salvage is his calling; he is incredibly passionate about his profession. “I always loved the sea, water, so I went into the Merchant Navy in 1980, with Safmarine, on general cargo ships, bulk carriers and containers ships. After the Castello del Belver in 1983, I found out that Saftug was a division of Safmarine, and requested a transfer. I found the salvage towing and offshore sector of the maritime industry far more attractive for me and have been involved in it ever since,” he said.Francesco Schettino, the Italian captain of the Concordia, is on trial in Tuscany, the sole defendant. He stands accused of multiple manslaughter, causing the wreck and abandoning ship while hundreds of passengers and crew were still aboard the badly listing liner. He claimed the reef was not on the liner’s nautical charts.The calamity will never be forgotten. “Every time I walk on board and around the ship, it feels very eerie and makes you realise how tragic the whole incident was,” said Sloane. “It is something that I will never forget.”last_img read more

Architects of Amazon Web Services Launch Nimbula, Promise an OS for the Cloud

first_imgTop Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Tags:#Announcements#cloud A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai…center_img audrey watters Nimbula emerged from stealth today, and as you might expect with co-founders who developed the Amazon EC2 cloud service, it’s poised to be a pretty dig deal. The new project of Chris Pinkham and Willem van Billjon, Nimbula merges the technology of the public cloud – with all its efficiency and scalability – with the security and control of the private data center. And with such luminaries on board, it’s no surprise that the startup seems to be tackling some of the key challenges associated with enterprise cloud adoption: questions of private versus public clouds, security, and interoperability.Challenging the Public/Private Cloud DichotomyRecognizing the necessity for both public and private clouds, Nimbula seeks to make the two coexist more easily and hopes to disrupt the perceived dichotomy between the spheres. “Our solution allows customers to combine the operational efficiencies of the public cloud with the control, security, and trust of today’s most advanced data centers,” says CEO and co-founder Pinkham. Nimbula plans to make this combination seamless and fluid and supports private data centers that can make metered bursts to public clouds like EC2 during peak times or for specific applications. In this way, Nimbula wants to avoid some of the bottlenecks and siloing associated with private clouds, and also hopes to bring the easy accessibility of AWS-like services to the private cloud.But as Nimbula are targeting industries like finance and health, it’s clear that this agile move between public and private is undertaken with privacy, security, and regulatory compliance in mind.Security in the CloudNimbula offer a robust authentication system, with a finely-tuned policy-based authorization. Identity is granular, with control over not just who has access, but what parts of a server and what systems a user has access to.The Question of Interoperability: A Cloud Computing Operating SystemNimbula Director, the company’s product, is an operating system for the cloud, addressing questions of security, reliability, flexibility, scalability, and ease of use. Nimbula offers an API, a command line and a web control panel in order to control all the cloud resources.According to Pinkham, Nimbula and a cloud OS will “redefine operating systems and what they do for us.” In the cloud environment, he adds, an operating system does more than merely control one machine. It’s about managing cloud resources, machines, and users. With a cloud OS, Nimbula seeks to addresses one of the major drawbacks to the current state of cloud computing: interoperability. Nimbula is in currently in beta, with a formal launch planned for the fall. The startup has been operating in stealth since 2009 and has received investment from Sequoia Capital and VMWare. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

Learning about Term Sheets

first_imgTags:#How To#start audrey watters Even if you plan to bootstrap your company, you should have a good understanding of financing term sheets. That’s what DuckDuckGo founder and Hacker Angel Gabriel Weinberg argues in a blog post today that gives some clear and detailed instructions on where to go to learn more about investor term sheets. As Weinberg points out, most companies will raise money at some point, and it’s better to enter financing situations with a grasp of how things work so that you’re less prone to make mistakes. And as such Weinberg lays out a fairly comprehensive lesson plan for gaining an understanding of the terminology in term sheets. Introduction to Term Sheets:1. Brad Feld’s Term Sheet series2. Venture Hacks’ Term Sheet HacksWeinberg also points to links to sample documents (such as this Series Seed Term Sheet) so you can see what actual term sheets look like as you read these series. Having a concrete example will help you learn the definitions of key terms (“conversion,” “liquidation preference,” and so on).Intermediate Study:Once you understand the terms of the seed documents, Weinberg says to move on to the venture term sheets:1. The Startup Company Lawyer’s definitions and explanations of how the terms differ in across these documents 2. The WSGR Term Sheet GeneratorAdvanced Materials:1. The Startup Company Lawyer’s comparison of Y Combinator and traditional Series A documents2. Chris Dixon’s advice “Don’t shop your term sheet”Weinberg also points to the book Term Sheets & Valuations, but notes that, indeed, most of the necessary information can be found online. Take a week to study the material, in half-hour increments, says Weinberg. And yes, this will be on the final exam. A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostingcenter_img 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Related Posts last_img read more

Making a Short Film With Little to No Crew: Can It Be Done?

first_imgFilmmaking is a collaborative process, but what happens when you can’t collaborate? Is it still worth the effort?Top image via Kotcheff & LederWhy do we want to tell stories? The idea of entertaining through visual imagery has been around since the dawn of humankind. Some of us take to the written word, others need to express through images, be they still or moving. One of the more common (maybe even easiest) methods to bring a visual story to life is with a short film. Short being the key word. Vimeo and YouTube are inundated with short films each month, and a good majority of them tell a superb story given their short length.Short films can often be a tiresome and thankless process. Grasping at whatever freebies you can attain, working at all hours for little or no pay, the list goes on. Filmmaking, of course, is a collaborative process, but what happens when you can’t collaborate? Perhaps it’s because of the location you live in. You may live in a rural town where there’s no other aspiring filmmakers or people interested in helping you. Or maybe you just don’t have the funds to hire people.Shooting a short film for free when you’re younger is a lot easier than when you work with film or media. When you work in media, the people around you have their jobs because they’re good at what they do. You can’t expect them to give up their weekends for a cheap sandwich and a few cans of beer at the end of the shoot.Image via CinemaWomynIf you want to make a short film, but for whatever reason can’t seem to get a crew assembled, what other options can you exhaust? What about making one by yourself? Or at least with a minimal crew of three to four people?It sounds like a ridiculous notion, but two women are currently in the process of making a feature (and history) solely by themselves, and they are doing an excellent job at it. Alexandra Kotcheff and Hannah Leder are two filmmakers who successfully raised $27,561 on Kickstarter to fund their film, The Planters. Not just a short film, but a feature film!To the best of our knowledge (and after much Googling), what we are doing here has never been done before. Two women, making a feature film, doing EVERYTHING (Writing, Directing, Cinematography, Sound, Costumes, Make-up, Props, Coffee, etc.have). We have heard of a few examples (very few) of a two-person crew making a narrative film. But none of those two primary crew members were ALSO starring in the film. The two of us are literally the only people who touch the equipment. And to the chagrin of one of our other actors, we won’t let him carry or help with anything on set. The purpose of this film is to make it ENTIRELY with our four hands and we won’t stop until this film has been seen by YOU!Video Playerhttps://pbblogassets.s3.amazonaws.com/uploads/2016/08/video-633179-h264_high.mp400:0000:0005:01Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.I imagine there is a somewhat social stigma behind the idea of making a film without a crew. It does on the exterior seem like a frivolous exertion. However, when push comes to shove, it is on you to make your film happen.I have been working on a short film with a minimal cast and crew, and while it has so far been a strenuous path, there are a few pointers I can offer those who are going to take the same journey. One of the most important aspects which will make or break this undertaking: Was your film written to cater specifically to a minimal crew, or are you trying to make a movie which realistically should be done by more than two people? A car chase between a thief and police officer in a city street? It’s not going to happen. A foot chase between a thief and a police officer in a forest? Very possible to achieve. Create to your limit.StoryImage via ShutterstockIt’s incredibly hard to go into a challenging story with a limited crew. It’s easier to build the story from scratch and tailor to the needs of a small team. Fewer locations, fewer actors, less action, more character focused and with an emotion driven story. This is the premise for The Planters.The Planters is a dark comedy set in a small, desert town. It’s a lonely place for lonely people like Martha Plant, a reclusive young woman, who spends her days telemarketing and “planting.” As a “planter,” Martha buries stolen items in the desert and receives donations in return from whoever digs them up — the “receiver.” Martha finds her world turned upside down when another woman, Sadie Mayflower, literally runs into her while on one of her “planting” excursions. When she discovers that Sadie is homeless, Martha takes her in. She quickly learns that Sadie has multiple personalities, and the ever solitary Martha begins to find three friends in one.If this were the blurb for a review or the information on a cinema screening, you (as an audience member) would expect that the film isn’t going to be populated with hundreds of cast members on a bustling city street. It’s a great premise for a film that has a limited team as the story itself is limited in cast and locations.Writing for a singular location is an essential element of making a short with a limited crew. Take a look at the short film below, Nothing about Nothing by Daniel Levi. Within the eight-minute duration of the short, we are only introduced to two characters. We don’t know who they are, nor their history, there is only handful of dialogue, and it all takes place in a single location.Without the information that’s usually provided by a feature, you still become connected to the characters and the situation.  You come to wonder what the outcome of the situation will be. The credits do however list around twenty people in total made the film. With careful planning and logistical thinking, this could be done by a small cast and crew. It might not be as good, but you don’t know unless you try. These short films that take place in a singular location while focusing on the outcome of a situation are a great opportunity for a minimal crew.Realistic ExpectationsWhen you have finished writing the short, and you move toward the planning of the shoot, plan for practical and achievable results. Of course, try to push the boundaries — that’s what art is about. However, you need to accept early on that you’re not going to be able to do a lot of the cool stuff you would be able to do with a twelve-person crew, like a ten-foot tracking shot through the kitchen into the hallway. Ok, you might have the equipment, but not the manpower. If you’re acting as a director/cinematographer, are you also going to be able to delegate time to key grip duties?Some of the best scenes in films and televisions have come from very basic shots, but the acting has captivated the audience enough that you don’t need a constant track or multiple angles. The scene below from Breaking Bad is arguably one of the most memorable scenes of the series — and it consists of only six stationary handheld shots.SoundIn the feature film The Planters, Alexandra Kotcheff and Hannah Leder have opted for capturing sound with two Sennheiser 416 shotgun mics and lavalier microphones, which is fed into a SoundDevice 633 recorder. It’s a light setup, perfect for a small crew. However, what about the idea of removing an on-set sound altogether? This needs to be a decision that is made before you start writing your short. You won’t get very far if you have two characters having a conversation and you don’t have a microphone.My own short film follows the last man on earth and his last few days before he dies, which leaves the human race all but extinct. On the fifth redraft, I decided to remove any dialogue and have the character remain speechless until one of the final scenes. I only have to worry about capturing audio for one day. This has helped the production process massively.With the majority of films, most character movement, prop sounds, and sounds of the location are recreated in post-production by a foley artist. By removing the on-set sound recordist, it allowed us to work through problems that would have otherwise plagued the production.The lead actor and I often joke about how much we wouldn’t have been able to complete if we had a sound recordist. Plane overhead? No problem. Keep on going. Construction site near? Yeah, we can keep recording. Now, of course, this is only going to work if your lead character doesn’t speak.Inspiration for a short film with little to no dialogue:Voice OverThere are some elements to a film which just have to be conveyed to the audience through voice. If you have no sound recordist, narration would be the next best thing.Narration is quite widely looked down upon. Some film purists say that filmmakers use narration as an escape because they couldn’t figure out how to incorporate that information into the script. I like narration, and I very much stand by what Martin Sheen says in the video below.You know, it’s often said that narration in film does not work. You know you talk to a studio head, and they say ‘no, no, you can’t narrate it [the film].’ Three of the best films ever made are narrated [he laughs] and people don’t even think about it… Apocalypse Now is narrated, Platoon is narrated, Citizen Kane is narrated.Inspiration for a narrated short film:LocationThe core concept of making a short with a minimal crew is to isolate things that require extra hands and to remove those things. One obstacle would be far-away locations or locations out of your reach, such as an open floor office in a police station. That wouldn’t be an easy location to recreate. Look to keep your film set in natural areas such as the forest, meadows, the beach, the desert. Being away from convoluted areas will ease your mindset and production.Inspiration for a short film set in the wilderness:Visual PoetryA poet needs nothing more than inspiration and a means to write down their thoughts. You too can make poetry as a filmmaker with a camera. Visual poetry can capture and evoke emotions without the need of having a narrative; it’s expressive filmmaking. Terrence Malick, love him or hate him (I love him), has made a career of visual poetry. Although admittedly, his films do somewhat contain a narrative. Filmmaker Salomon Ligthelm is a master of this genre in short form. His Vimeo is a treasure trove of inspiration. While these videos do not provide a story or character that you can relate to, his shorts make the audience feel something — and isn’t that the point of filmmaking? The advice listed above focuses primarily on the undertakings required in pre-production. Here are some quick tips to take into account when making a film with limited people.If you’re also acting in the short or are unable to be behind the camera after you’ve hit record, make sure you use a wide-angle lens with a wide aperture to keep the focus area as large as possible.A monitor or flip screen is a must. You do not want to return to the camera to see that someone was out of focus, or it wasn’t framed correctly after someone moved.Keep your scenes within the day time.Limit your kit to three bags/cases.Keep lighting simple. Stick to one light or just natural light. Here’s a handy guide from PremiumBeat for lighting without a budget.Have fun with this. Don’t take it too seriously.Do you have any other tips for making a film by yourself? Let us know the in the comments below.last_img read more

Why Won’t Simply Creating Lots of Marine Reserves Save Sea Life?

first_imgHow is the world doing at conserving marine life? One common metric is the amount of ocean that governments have designated as protected areas. About 1.8% falls into that category, but fishing or other harvesting is banned in only 1%. Now, the most comprehensive and detailed analysis yet suggests that the marine conservation picture is even bleaker—and that a more accurate way of measuring progress is needed.Graham Edgar of the University of Tasmania, Hobart, led a team that looked at 87 marine protected areas (MPAs) around the world. That’s a tiny fraction of the about 5100 MPAs on the books, but most lack enough data on sea life populations to be analyzed in detail. The researchers looked at the total estimated biomass of all fish within each of the selected MPAs, as well as the total weight of fish longer than 25 centimeters. (Larger fish tend to be targeted by fishing, as do valuable species such as sharks, groupers, and jacks.) They also tallied the total number of species of large fish and all fish in each MPA. Then, for comparison, they gathered data from 1022 sites where fishing is permitted around the world.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The analysis highlighted five features that appear essential for an MPA to score high on promoting fish biomass and diversity. The best performing reserves, as expected, have outlawed fishing and strictly enforced the ban. They are also relatively large and old, covering more than 100 square kilometers and established more than 10 years ago (giving the biota time to recover from any past fishing). In a statistical model, these four factors each contributed about the same amount to boosting the amount of fish. The fifth and most important predictor of success, however, was the MPA’s isolation from similar habitat, which makes them easier to police.The comparison of MPAs to fished areas, however, produced a sobering result. About 60% of MPAs scored well on one or two of these key features, but appear to have fish populations that are no healthier than those found in fished areas. In contrast, MPAs that score well in three areas, including Coiba National Park in Panama, had on average 30% more fish and double the sharks of the fished areas.Overall, the authors considered just nine of the MPAs (about 10%) to be effective, having four or more attributes of good governance and design. And the few reserves that got high marks in all five areas, such as the Kermadec Marine Reserve in New Zealand, had exponentially greater benefits, including nearly 2000% more sharks than in fished coastlines, they report in this week’s issue of Nature.The takeaway message, the authors write, is that “global conservation targets based on area alone will not optimize protection of marine biodiversity. More emphasis is needed on better MPA design, durable management and compliance to ensure that MPAs achieve their desired conservation value.”The study offers “a really good synthesis,” says fisheries biologist Trevor Branch of the University of Washington, Seattle. Previous studies, he notes, have looked at some of the five factors, but not in such a comprehensive way.“What impresses me about the paper is that they have shown how key factors all need to be present [for reserves] to be effective,” says Elliott Norse, chief scientist of the Marine Conservation Institute in Seattle. Norse’s group is now developing criteria to recognize effective MPAs. Such efforts, he hopes, will become an incentive for countries to design effective MPAs and protect them, in part by conferring some prestige on the most successful efforts.In a commentary in Nature, Benjamin Halpern of the University of California, Santa Barbara, calls the findings worrying, because “it is difficult for managers to achieve all five factors.” Most governments can’t create large or remote marine reserves, so they must focus on enforcement, which can be expensive. More research should be done on other possibilities, such as connecting MPAs into networks, Halpern wrote.Here are the study’s top scoring marine protected areas:Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary (Panama Bight, Colombia)Lord Howe Island Commonwealth Marine Park (Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, Australia)Kermadec Islands Marine Reserve (Kermadec Island, New Zealand)Cocos Island National Park (Cocos Islands, Costa Rica)Poor Knights Islands Marine Reserve (Northeastern New Zealand)Shiprock Aquatic Reserve (New South Wales, Australia)Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (United States)Tsitsikamma National Park (Agulhas Bank, South Africa)last_img read more