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General Alvani Discusses Brazilian Air Force’s Actions in Brazil and Abroad

first_imgBy Marcos Ommati/Diálogo October 05, 2016 The Brazilian Air Force (FAB) actively participates in overseas peacekeeping missions, assisting victims and conducting search and rescue missions whenever disaster befalls the nation. It also often assists in related activities in neighboring countries.General Alvani Adao da Silva assumed the position of head of Strategic Affairs of the Joint Staff of the Brazilian Armed Forces on March 10th, 2015, and has received more than 18 awards in Brazil and abroad. He represented Brazil at the 2016 South American Defense Conference (SOUTHDEC), which dealt with the new roles of the military in South America.During the conference, which took place in Montevideo, Uruguay, from August 16th-19th, General Alvani spoke with Diálogo about the FAB’s activities in South America.Diálogo: The Brazilian Air Force actively participated in the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) with an infantry battalion. Can you comment on FAB’s participation in this and other peacekeeping missions abroad?General Alvani Adao da Silva: The Brazilian Air Force has a constant presence of two flag officers in MINUSTAH’s General Staff. In 2010, five days after the earthquake, the FAB Field Hospital was set up in Port-au-Prince. After four months, the hospital, with the participation of 114 military personnel, had served 24,184 patients; performed 36,028 medical procedures (dental care, removal of stitches, dressings, etc.); had assisted in 200 deliveries and in 1,145 surgeries, and delivered about 460,000 medicines to patients. The following year, the Brazilian Air Force began deploying platoons to reinforce the security forces. In 2015, a total of 250 soldiers from eight platoons rotated between activities on the streets of the capital, Port-au-Prince. FAB also provides MINUSTAH support with its aircraft. In 2014 alone, a total of 189 tons of cargo and 1,058 passengers were transported between Brazil and Haiti in FAB planes. At the time of the earthquake, in addition to the military personnel, support material, and the field hospital structure, FAB transported food, medicine, and water. Besides the presence in Haiti, FAB has a seat on the staff of the peace mission in the Ivory Coast and another in the peacekeeping mission in South Sudan. There are also two observers in Western Sahara, one in Sudan and one in South Sudan. Between 1960 and 1964, the Air Force participated in the UN Emergency Force in Congo with planes and helicopters with a contingent of 179 military personnel.Diálogo: Another non-traditional role of the Brazilian Armed Forces, which is increasingly becoming more common, is assisting the Federal Police and other forces in the fight against drug trafficking. How does the Air Force participate in operations of this kind?Gen. Alvani: One way is through Operation Ágata, which has been going on since 2011 to curb crime in the border regions with the massive presence of the military and other Brazilian state agencies, not just the Federal Police. It is an interagency operation focused on curbing illegal activities such as the trafficking of arms, ammunition and explosives, environmental crimes, etc. The cooperation of the Brazilian Air Force with public security agencies also takes place in many other activities, such as the Guarantee of Law and Order missions, search and rescue situations, and also in coordinating intelligence.Diálogo: In addition to controlling airspace, could you give us other examples of FAB’s participation in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games?Gen. Alvani: FAB had a broad participation in the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games. There were more than 11,000 servicemen responsible for managing air traffic control. The number includes servicemen working in the city of Rio de Janeiro and those who managed incoming flights from other parts of the country or abroad. The Air Traffic Management Center’s Master Command and Control Room, located in Rio de Janeiro, brought together representatives from several government agencies, such as the Department of Civil Aviation, the National Civil Aviation Agency, the Federal Police, Anvisa [Brazil’s Health Regulatory Agency], and airport concessionaires, among others. They worked 24 hours a day, sharing information about arrivals, movements and departure of officials, delegations and the viewing public. During the Olympics, the air traffic flow was smooth despite the enormous amount of traffic. The day after the closing ceremony recorded the largest number of air operations. Rio International Airport had 524 takeoffs and landings – 367 domestic and 157 international flights. The peak in air traffic took place between 8 a.m. and 9 a.m. and from 9 to 10 at night, with 33 air operations per hour. This increase was due to the heads of state, athletic delegations, Olympic families, and tourists returning to their countries. The airport also broke a record in passenger movement, with 85 million passengers, more than double the normal daily rate. During the 17 days of the Olympic Games, the host city airports recorded a close to 95 percent on-time flights. To execute these actions, the Brazilian Air Force received the support of fighter planes, helicopters, and radar aircraft. This concept and the military structure required to manage air traffic flow has already been adopted in major events hosted by Brazil. Finally, the Air Force had 39 athletes that made the Olympic team representing Brazil at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. Four won medals: Sergeant Thiago Braz (gold medal in pole vault jumping), Sergeant Arthur Zanetti (silver medal in artistic gymnastics), Sergeant Arthur Nory (bronze medal in artistic gymnastics) and Sergeant Maicon Siqueira (bronze medal in taekwondo).Diálogo: At its core, FAB has a long tradition of participation in assistance activities for disaster relief/humanitarian assistance. Could you give us some recent examples of these activities? What kind of engagement does FAB have with the region and with the United States in terms of exchange of information, combined exercises, etc.?Gen. Alvani: The Brazilian Air Force conducts numerous humanitarian aid missions. The most frequent are the civic and social activities, that is, when the military provides services to the population. In 2015 alone, FAB health professionals served about 15,000 people in several regions of the country. Doctors and dentists have served in clinics in the areas of dermatology, gynecology, ENT, orthopedics, pediatrics, and dental care. These civic and social actions benefited residents of various localities. In Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais alone, the Brazilian Air Force Field Hospital assembled in partnership with the city government in April of this year, has treated 6,739 patients from the local population. They also distributed almost 24,000 medications. Seventy-four FAB health workers participated in this mission, including 43 doctors, 23  dentists, and eight pharmacists. Another highlight is the transportation of organs and tissues. Organ transportation missions have been taking place for years. Between 2013 and 2015, 68 organs were transported by FAB. In 2016, the number is closer to 46. It is also important to highlight other missions dedicated to transporting vaccines, sick and injured people, combating fire, and search and rescue after a disaster. FAB is also present at times of great disasters, such as floods, earthquakes, and droughts, both in Brazil and abroad. Since 2002, FAB has organized the CRUZEX exercise, which in its seven editions has included the participation of Argentina, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, France, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Also, there are air defense exercises to combat illegal activities in the border areas with Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela. In conjunction with the United States, two important operations took place in 2015. A FAB medical officer embarked on the Norfolk-based Navy hospital ship USNS Comfort to assist in the humanitarian aid mission to Central America. In November, the UNITAS exercise included FAB exercises against the air wing embarked on the USS George Washington, in addition to the fleet of vessels from the United States, United Kingdom, Mexico, Peru, and Chile. Other activities included the humanitarian missions in other countries and combined exercises like PANAMAX, SALITRE, and FELINO.last_img read more

Flash Flood Watch in Effect as Downpours Soak LI

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Predictions of heavy downpours Tuesday have forecasters warning residents of possible flash flooding across Long Island, according to the National Weather Service.A flash flood watch is in effect through the afternoon, the Upton-based NWS said, adding that up to 2 inches of rain is likely to fall on LI as a system moves toward the region.And it may be a quick-hitting rain storm.Meteorologists said rainfall could occur over a short period of time at a rate of 1 to 2 inches per hour.The storm could produce flash flooding of small streams and in urban, low-lying and poor drainage areas, the NWS said.The system could also produce thunderstorms after 5 p.m. Tuesday, forecasters said.The forecast for the remainder of the week calls for sunny skies through Saturday.last_img read more

More Spring Snow on Long Island

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Yep, we’re talking about snow.Long Islanders—bruised and battered from a hellish winter—woke up Saturday morning to snow flurries and unseasonably cool temperatures.The Island won’t see significant accumulation but there is potential for up to 3 inches in eastern Suffolk County; Nassau County could get an inch. “We do think the heaviest of the snow will be across eastern Long Island,” said Michael Silva, meteorologist at the National Weather Service’s Upton office. There’s likely to be very little accumulation on roadways, Silva said. The snow will continue through the afternoon. Perhaps more frustrating than the precipitation is the blast of cold air making its way to Long Island. The evening forecast calls for lows in the 20s, with wind chill values between 10 and 15 degrees. Forecasters are predicting sunny skies on Sunday with a high of 39. Warmer weather will rush in next week, with temperatures in the low 50s Monday through Wednesday.last_img read more

Flexibility in leadership

first_imgAs we approach fall 2020, the chance that you are still on track with your master plan that you started the year with is probably 0%. Heck for all of us, the plan we started the year with went out the window in March! This year reminds me of a quote from Mike Tyson, “Everyone has a plan until they get punched in the mouth!”If there is any trait of leadership that 2020 shows we need, it is flexibility. Quite often, things don’t go quite as planned. It is then that we need to see if we need to keep pushing forward on the same plan, modify the plan a bit, or scrap it totally.  John Boyd was a young airman flying F-86 Sabre fighters during the Korean War. He noticed that American pilots were downing Soviet MIG-18s with greater frequency than the Soviets were destroying U.S. fighters. Sometimes this differential was as much as 10 MIGs to every single F-86. This differential intrigued John as the MIGs were known to be technically superior to the F-86s in most categories and the fighter pilot training on both sides was similar.After the war, John continued to serve his country in the Pentagon. He studied this phenomenon and discovered there were two slight advantages the F-86 had. First, F-86s had a bubble canopy for the cockpit that allowed a larger field of vision than the MIG planes. Second, the F-86 had easier hydraulic controls; this allowed our pilots to not exert themselves physically when aiming guns at the enemy. These two combinations gave the Americans an incredible advantage.John continued to expand on these insights by crafting the OODA loop. OODA stands for Observe, Orient, Decide and Act. This is a program for leadership which after the last step is repeated. The first step is to Observe. This is taking account of circumstances, outside information, implicit guidance and control, and unfolding interaction with the environment. If the loop was completed in the past, then the results of those actions are reviewed. The pilot who is searching the skies, a quarterback viewing the defense at the line of scrimmage, or a leader assessing the market are all examples of this first step.The initial Observation leads to the next step which is Orient. This step mixes cultural traditions, heritage, past experiences, and new information together to analyze and synthesize the observation through these filters. Here think of the pilot moving into position behind the enemy, a quarterback dropping back for a pass, or the business leader getting ready to respond to various market segments.  After Orientation, the next step is to Decide. Decision uses what was learned in Observation and Orientation, under the governance of implicit and control, a decision is made. This decision is fed back to the original observation. At this point the pilot has the bogey in the crosshairs, the quarterback has spotted the receiver about to break open in the slot, or the business leader sees the unique ability to advertise to a particular market.The last step is to Act. After OOD, Action has feedback immediately with the observation when the action is executed and after the action occurs once unfolding interaction with the environment from which the action occurs. In this step the pilot has fired on the enemy, the pass is released from the quarterback’s hand or the advertising campaign has started.  The cycle repeats after Action. What impact has the Action had on the environment? What changed from the initial Observation? Was the information in your input correct? What are the next steps to re-orient your organization after the present action? Leaders who march at breakneck speed are able to process the loop quickly and turn it again and again throughout the OODA process. There is danger in stopping at various points in the loop and not moving forward. Too much observation can lead to analysis paralysis. Deciding, before orienting yourself to execute on the plan, can create a misfire. Failure to decide and act will never lead you to grow. Failure to observe the environment can cause you to think you are accomplishing great things, yet no one is following your lead.  What do you observe now in the economy in 2020? Some areas of the country, like my beloved South Dakota, are open with no restrictions from the state. Other areas remain shut down or in some stage of impaired liberty with rules imposed by governmental leaders. Prolonged shutdowns will have a devastating impact on commercial real estate and business.  You probably have moved some loans temporarily to interest only or skipped payments completely for a while. The nature of work is also changing as many jobs have moved to remote or distance work and may not move back to the office. Financial institutions have closed lobbies, and some have moved staff to remote working. Some of us have worked incredibly long hours to help supply business with the SBA’s PPP loans.Most CUs are flush with deposits. Investment options provide little yield. Lenders are hesitant to extend credit. They are under pressure to lower interest rates on existing credits, even those which would normally not qualify based upon the performance of the business. How we judged risk at the beginning of the year does not seem to apply to our current situation. Management and leadership skills of the borrower are of more importance today.  As we emerge from the pandemic, there are several ways we can position our CU better for success and as a valuable resource for your communities.How do we judge risk going forward? Have you placed extra funds into loan loss reserve for expected losses?Do you have the staff to adequately handle the complexities of problem loan workouts? Do you need to hire more people or seek contracted outside help?How will you find new, good relationships during this time? Good credits are available as other institutions are shut down for lending or are distracted with their own problems.How do you handle the pricing pressure from your borrowers and match this with their business performance?What can you do to gain better value from your outside credit risk review and asset-liability management? These are pushed by the examiners and most of them do not identify systemic strengths and weaknesses of the institution.  The five above do not make an exhaustive list, but are very key in a start for the decisions you need to act on. Then moving to the beginning of the OODA loop, continue to reassess the next plays necessary for continued success. 1SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Phil Love Phil leads Pactola, a CUSO devoted to commercial and agricultural lending, participation management, credit administration support, lender education, and third-party loan review services.  He has over 35 years in the … Web: Detailslast_img read more

Bahrain’s Prince Khalifa, world’s longest serving prime minister, dies

first_imgPrince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa had led Bahrain’s government since independence in 1971.- Advertisement –last_img


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PensionDanmark, PKA commit to DKK1.2bn climate investment fund

first_imgTorben Möger Pedersen, chief executive at PensionDanmark, hailed the fund as “a brand new type of public-private partnership”, allowing government and pension assets to make the most of Danish companies’ experience in the energy sector.The commitment follows a similar government-backed project that saw Danish funds provide export credit to foreign companies investing in domestic manufacturing.Discussing the provider’s DKK200m commitment, Möger Pedersen said: “We are expecting the Danish Climate Investment Fund to deliver solid returns to our members in the coming years, while serving to boost the standing of Danish companies in the new growth markets.”Healthcare pension provider PKA also committed DKK200m in capital, while PBU invested DKK125m.PensionDanmark’s Möger Pedersen will sit on the fund’s investment committee alongside PKA managing director Peter Damgaard Jensen.The climate fund, which the IFU said was expected to grow a further DKK200bn in size after its second close, will invest in technologies aimed at reducing greenhouse emissions in all countries included in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee.To that end, projects to be considered include solar, hydro and wind power plants, as well as urban transport construction, biogas plants and projects that can improve energy efficiency, thereby cutting emissions by at least 20%.“Furthermore, the Danish Climate Investment Fund will invest in projects with the purpose of adjusting to climate change – for example, disaster preparedness, coastal management and climate change information,” the IFU said in a statement.It added, however, that it would not consider investment in any energy projects that produce carbon, nor in any carbon capture or storage facilities.The IFU will act as fund manager for the four-year investment lifespan, with projects then divested.It said it expected annual returns of 12%. Two of Denmark’s largest pension providers have committed launch capital to a DKK1.2bn (€160m) fund investing in renewable energy projects in emerging economies.The Danish Climate Investment Fund, launched by the country’s investment fund for developing countries (IFU), has attracted commitments from the DKK200bn PKA, DKK150bn PensionDanmark and Pædagogernes Pensionskasse (PBU), the DKK50bn fund for kindergarten and nursery teachers.The remaining DKK675bn has been supplied by the IFU, the Danish government and Dansk Vækstkapital – a DKK4.8bn venture capital fund launched jointly in 2011 by the government, ATP and LD Pension.The fund requires a Danish co-investor for all projects, allowing local companies to benefit from the investment.last_img read more

Twisters Fall Short To Pacers On The Diamond

first_imgOA vs. Switzerland County Varsity Baseball Thursday (5-10)SC           200 200 0             4   5   2OA          000 003 0             3   7   2For OA:Andrew Oesterling 1-4Adam Huber 1-4Matt Sedler 1-3, run, sbMichael Hoff 2-3, runRiley Schebler 1-3, rbiChris Hautman 1-3, 2 rbiZach West 0-2, bbZach Wegman 1-3Chris Hautman  7 IP, 4 earned runs, 5 hits, 6 k, 1 bb, hbp    LossVarsity Record: 5-11Courtesy of Twisters Coach Doug Behlmer.last_img read more

Van Straten wins again at Shawano

first_imgBy Scott OwenSHAWANO, Wis. (April 30) – A hardy crowd turned out to see 132 competitors duke it out on the venerable Shawano Speedway half mile Saturday night. Brian Mullen and Kevin Bethke each won their first local feature of the year while Travis Van Straten won his second in a row.Kevin Feck took off like a rocket at the start of the Xtreme Motor Sports IMCA Modified feature while venerable Jerry Muenster moved into second. Eighth starter Mullen worked his way up to third by lap five, before a scary incident on the front stretch slowed the pace and eliminated numer­ous cars from the race.Once the race went back to green, Mullen passed Muenster and set his sights on Feck. Mullen got to the inside of Feck on lap eight to take the lead away. Feck soon pulled to the pits, moving Lance Arneson to second. Arneson, who had started 14th, pestered the leader for the duration but Mul­len was not to be denied on his way to victory lane. Matt Oreskovich finished third.Defending national champion Van Straten passed Mike Schmidt and Aaron Stolp to get to se­cond, then lined up right behind two-time national king Brandon Czarapata following a caution 13 laps into the IMCA Sunoco Stock Car fray.Czarapata and Van Straten continued to race side by side for the lead until lap 17 when Van Straten finally pulled ahead for the lead. Czarapata tried multiple lines to get past Van Straten but could not muster a pass for the lead.Brianna Ambroziak led the first nine laps of the Karl Chevrolet Northern SportMod feature before the 11th starting Bethke made the pass for the lead. Bethke led the remainder of the race that ran green to checkered.Jordan Barkholtz made a late-race charge to second. Zach McKinnon took third.last_img read more

Beer Hill Gang fundraiser nets $1,161

first_imgMECHANICSBURG, Pa. (Aug. 11) – 

It was a fun night away from the track as fans and race teams gathered at Quaker Steak and Lube in Mechanicsburg for an evening of fun and friendship.Matt Miller from the Beer Hill Gang hosted the event, which donates a percentage of food sales to the IMCA RaceSaver Sprint Car series along with raffle items provided by teams and supporters.Scott Ellerman and Jaremi Hanson had their cars on display as restaurant patrons had the oppor­tunity to see cars up close. Several drivers were also on hand along with volunteers from the se­ries. Dave Stewart, “the commissioner” of the Beer Hill Gang was on hand as well.A total of $1,161 was raised through the raffle and auction while the food percentage will be for­warded by the restaurant. The Beer Hill Gang has already promised to round out to $1,500 which was our goal.Money from the fundraiser pays positions $1,000 each to Pennsylvania Sprint Series drivers in positions15-30 in 2017 points $100 each.In addition to the money raised for the point fund, an additional $200 was added to the Beer Hill Cup fund via shirt sales as only a few shirts remain. The total anticipated fund for the Beer Hill Cup will round out to $2,600 which will net the winner $775, with $650 for second, $520 for third, $390 for fourth and $260 for fifth.Frontrunners Darren Miller and Scott Ellerman along with contender and current points leader Zach Newlin were on hand and discussed the excitement going into next week with Jake Waters. The interview, along with others, is on the PASS Facebook page.last_img read more