‘Snatched guns used to kill Fayaz’

first_imgTop police sources told The Hindu that the deceased Lieutenant Ummer Fayaz, a resident of Sursona, Kulgam, attending a family wedding in Batapura, Shopian, was sitting in the first storey of the house when he was abducted and subsequently killed.The police suspect that one of the five recently-snatched service rifles were used by local militants known to people attending the wedding.Neighbours and relatives recall Lieutenant Fayaz as a shy and unassuming Army officer. “Fayaz never discussed politics in volatile Kulgam,” said Irshad Ahmad, a neighbour.“Three armed militants took the stairs and knocked at a room where 22-year-old Lt. Fayaz was sitting. He was asked by the militants to accompany them, which he did without any resistance,” said the police official.The incident took place around 10 p.m. on Tuesday. The police said that one of the three militants “was local and known to people”.‘No resistance’“There was no resistance as locals believed that he would be released after negotiations,” said the official.However, bullet-riddled body of the victim was spotted on Wednesday morning at a nearby area.Inspector General of Police (IGP) Syed Javaid Mujtaba Gillani said the preliminary investigation points towards Hizbul Mujahideen militants.“We believe it was carried out by local Hizbul Mujahideen militants. We are investigating if the service rifle looted from the Shopian court recently was used by the militants,” said Mr, Jillani.Around five policemen were disarmed by militants in Shopian on May 2.Son of an orchard farmer, the victim was born in 1994 and joined the Army on December 10, 2016. He belonged to 2 Rajputana Rifles and was known for skills in hockey and basketball.There was rare outrage over the Army officer’s killing online by netizens in the Valley.“This man was unarmed and non-combatant. Which struggle calls for killing an unarmed non-combatant, that too who was attending a wedding and was a soft target. Such acts must stop,” wrote Irshad Ahmad on Facebook.last_img read more

NIA begins enquiry against Kashmiri separatists

first_imgThe National Investigation Agency (NIA) registered a Preliminary Enquiry (PE) against Kashmiri separatist leaders, including Syed Ali Shah Geelani, for allegedly receiving funds from Lashkar-e-Taiba’s chief Hafiz Saeed to create unrest in the Valley.A similar PE registered last year by the NIA against Mr. Geelani, to probe his links to two bank accounts through which money was allegedly routed to create unrest in the Kashmir Valley, drew a blank. The NIA is yet to find any evidence against him in the said case. An NIA official said investigation into last year’s PE was continuing.Others named in the fresh PE are Naeem Khan, who was seen on television during a sting operation by India Today TV ‘confessing’ to have received money from Pakistan-based terror groups; Farooq Ahmed Dar alias ‘Bitta Karate’; and Gazi Javed Baba of Tehreek-e-Hurriyat, an NIA spokesperson said.The separatists were allegedly receiving funds from Hafiz Saeed to carry out subversive activities, including pelting stones at security forces, damaging public property and burning schools and other government establishments, the NIA spokesperson said. The NIA has also taken cognisance of the news item related to the recording of conversations between a TV reporter and leaders of separatist groups operating in the Kashmir Valley in this regard, he said. “We had information from multiple sources regarding the involvement of Pakistan in funding the unrest in the Valley. The sting operation also suggests so. A team visited Srinagar on Friday and began a probe. We will question all those named in the PE including Geelani,” said the official.last_img read more

Distrust roils Chainpura

first_imgA sordid combination of rumours, distrust and fear of the unknown played a role in the brutal assault on four Sikh men seeking alms from the residents of this dusty village in the Ajmer district one month ago. The villagers here accuse the ‘sewadars’ of a gurudwara of ‘hypnotising’ them while asking for cash and foodgrain.The matter came to light earlier this week when a 51-second video of the Sikh men being abused and thrashed went viral on social media. The victims of violence, who fled to their native place of Khairthal in Alwar district, have not returned to Nasirabad to seek action against the youths seen beating them mercilessly in the video.The incident was similar to a recent episode in Jharkhand where six persons were lynched on the suspicion that they were child lifters. Villagers at Chainpura, situated 10 km from Nasirabad and dominated by Rawat Rajputs, insist that the incident involving youths from the nearby Chat Sardarpura hamlet was the culmination of tension building up in the area since long. “These Sikh men were around for several days. They asking villagers to donate foodgrain and threatening people who refused to do so,” Ajay Rawat, who owns a wine shop in Pushkar, said on Friday.The rumours ranged from child trafficking and molestation of women to hypnotism, robbery and selling low quality rice. The minuscule Sikh minority in Nasirabad was unaware of the incident until the video was circulated on social media.last_img read more

Mukul Roy quits Trinamool Congress

first_imgMukul Roy, one of the founding members of the Trinamool Congress (TMC), on Monday announced his decision to quit the party. Within hours of the announcement, the TMC expelled him for six years.“From December 17, 1997, as one of the first signatories to the birth of Trinamool Congress till today… with heavy heart and pain I am telling you that I will send an e-mail and resign from the working committee of the Trinamool Congress,” Mr. Roy, 63, said at a press conference.The Rajya Sabha MP also announced that after the Puja, he will resign as an MP and from the primary membership of the party.A tall leaderTMC secretary general Partha Chatterjee said Mr. Roy was suspended for hampering the progress of the party and promoting his own interests.Mr. Roy, who held the posts of general secretary and vice-president of the party and served as Railway Minister, was one of its tallest leaders. For years, he was the number two in the party, especially when Ms. Banerjee was in the Opposition in the State. He was the key election manager of the party and was often described as the go-to man in Trinamool.Ever since he deposed before the CBI in January 2015 in the Saradha chit fund scam, differences between him and Ms. Banerjee became evident.last_img read more

U.P. govt proposes Lord Rama statue on Saryu River

first_imgThe Yogi Adityanath government plans to install a statue of Lord Rama on banks of the River Saryu and organise a grand Diwali this time in Ayodhya by illuminating the town and lighting 1.71 lakh earthen diyas. The statue will be installed only after clearance from the National Green Tribunal, Principal Secretary Tourism Awanish Awasthi said. A series of programmes have been scheduled for October 18 to celebrate Diwali in the town. A “deepotsav” will be organised on ‘Ram Ki Paidi’ where 1.71 lakh earthen lamps will be lit, he said while giving a presentation to Governor Ram Naik on Monday. Prominent building and ghats will also be illuminated to attract tourists. The objective of the entire programme will be to promote Ayodhya, believed to be the birth place of Lord Rama, as a tourist destination. A heritage walk, a yatra reminiscing return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya, and launch of several schemes by the Chief Minister and other dignitaries will be part of the programme, the officer said. A grand “aarti” of River Saryu will also be performed by the Chief Minister and the Governor and a laser show will be held on the banks of the river. During the programme, Ramlila will be staged by artists from Indonesia and Thailand. The Union Tourism ministry has sanctioned ₹133.70 crores for making Ayodhya a tourism hub.last_img read more

Rajdeo Ranjan murder: SC seeks report on photos of Tej Pratap with accused

first_imgThe Supreme Court on Friday sought a report from the CBI on photographs in which former Bihar Health Minister and RJD Lalu Prasad supremo’s son Tej Pratap Yadav is seen posing with the accused in the Rajdeo Ranjan murder case.The direction came on a petition filed by Asha Ranjan, whose husband and journalist Rajdeo Ranjan was murdered in Siwan district in Bihar. Mohammed Kaif is an accused in Ranjan’s murder and was absconding in the case when the photographs surfaced in the media. Kaif is alleged to be a sharp-shooter for Siwan strongman and jailed RJD leader Mohd. Shahabuddin.A Bench led by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra directed the CBI to find out the progress made by the local police in its investigation into the photos. The court ordered Ms. Ranjan’s counsel, advocate A.R.M. Pandey, to provide the CBI counsel and Additional Solicitor General Tushar Mehta with a transcript of a press conference held by the Siwan police chief assuring investigation into the photographs. The court ordered the CBI to file a report in four weeks.“It was expedient on the part of the Siwan Superintendent of Police to file an FIR… he miserably failed to take action. Kaif is now on bail… Both Kaif and Javed (another accused in the Ranjan case) were remanded only after tge writ petition was filed in the Supreme Court,” Mr. Pandey submitted.The counsel submitted that serious action should be taken against Mr. Yadav for “harbouring and screening” offenders. Responding to the submissions, Mr. Yadav’s counsel explained that his client was attending a public function and a “man came up and gave me a bouquet of flowers.”Mr. Mehta said “investigation is yet to begin. The moment I (meaning Yadav) came to know, I should have informed the police. I will have to investigate harbouring.”“Nobody says that I was seen with Kaif prior to the murder,” Mr. Yadav’s counsel said.Ranjan was murdered in Siwan in May 2016. His widow had sought direction for registration of FIR against Shahabuddin and Mr. Yadav for “conspiracy and harbouring and sheltering the proclaimed offenders” in the murder case.last_img read more

Kargil widow denied treatment

first_imgThe widow of a Kargil hero died in a private hospital in Sonipat, Haryana, after medical staff allegedly refused to admit her for not carrying her Aadhaar card, forcing the State government to order an inquiry into the matter on Saturday. Health Minister Anil Vij told presspersons in Ambala that a Health Department team had been sent to Sonipat to collect the details of the incident.“Shakuntala Devi (55), widow of Kargil war martyr Havaldar Laxman Dass, died on Thursday for want of medical care at a private hospital as it insisted on having the patient’s Aadhaar card,” her son Pawan Kumar Balyan said.Mr. Balyan, a resident of Mahlana village in Sonipat, said his mother was suffering from a heart problem.“I took her to the Ex-servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) Hospital in Sonipat and got the referral slip for Tulip Hospital on Thursday,” he said. “At the counter of the hospital, the authorities asked me to give the Aadhaar card of my ailing mother so that she could be admitted for treatment. I told them that I have forgotten it,” Mr. Balyan said.last_img read more

Congress ticket in M.P. has a price

first_imgThe Congress has come up with a plan to overcome its “resource crunch” in Madhya Pradesh, where it has been out of power for 15 years. Those who seek nomination for the Assembly elections will have to make out a demand draft for ₹50,000 in non-refundable deposit. But this is no guarantee for nomination.Speaking to The Hindu, Pradesh Congress Committee president Arun Yadav said the proposal was under consideration and this rule would not be applied to leaders with strong grassroots links if they did not have the sum. The party will invite applications between March 5 and 15. But some leaders say the plan may allow those with money to edge out the weak but deserving candidates. “Finally, the party will choose candidates on merit and their chances of victory, but this will help to weed out non-serious players,” said a senior leader in New Delhi. Another leader said the same system was followed in Himachal Pradesh, though the amount was lower: ₹25,000 for the general category seats and ₹15,000 for the reserved seats. Nearly 400 candidates had applied for nomination from 68 seats. The Congress in Madhya Pradesh hopes to mount a strong challenge to the Shivraj Singh Chouhan government. Anti-incumbency apart, Mr. Chouhan is facing opposition from farmers, especially after the police firing that killed five farmers at Mandsaur last June. In the recent bypoll, the party put up a united face, overcoming factionalism, a problem for long. It has so far not announced a CM candidate, despite pressure on the central leadership.last_img read more

‘BJP will win in Odisha’

first_imgSenior BJP leader Prakash Javadekar exuded confidence on Monday that his party will win both the 2019 general election and the Odisha Assembly polls.The Union Minister for Human Resource Development, currently on a visit to the State, said the BJP is working to strengthen its base in Odisha.After arriving in Bhubaneswar on Sunday, Mr. Javadekar had made it clear that although the ruling Biju Janata Dal had supported the National Democratic Alliance government in the recent election for the post of Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman, there was no possibility of an alliance between it and the BJP.Reaching Berhampur late on Sunday night, Mr. Javadekar, who is party in charge in four Lok Sabha seats in the State, on Monday reviewed organisational activities at the booth level in Berhampur parliamentary constituency for the upcoming Lok Sabha and State Assembly polls. He held meetings with grassroots party workers here.“We are reviewing the party’s activities at the booth level, discussing with the party functionaries in each Assembly segment,” he said.Sources said Mr. Javadekar held separate meetings with BJP workers from seven Assembly segments under the Berhampur parliamentary constituency at a hotel here. No outsiders were allowed at these meetings. He reviewed the party organisation in Gopalpur, Chikiti, Mohana, Paralakhemundi and Berhampur segments.(With PTI inputs)last_img read more

Five AAP leaders join BJD in Odisha

first_imgThe Odisha unit of the Aam Aadmi Party suffered a major setback when five of its prominent leaders joined the ruling Biju Janata Dal here on Wednesday.The leaders — AAP’s State general secretary Nandlal Singh, spokesperson Bharadwaj Mishra, State’s youth wing president Subrat Chhatoi, State students’ wing president Jyoti Prakash Mohanty and party’s Balangir district coordinator Ajay Das — joined the BJD in the presence of Chief Minister and party president Naveen Patnaik at his residence. They came in a procession along with a large number of their supporters. Welcoming them into the party, Mr. Patnaik said that their presence will strengthen the BJD. He urged them to work for the party and to help it provide better governance to the people.The leaders appreciated the achievements of the Odisha government and assured the BJD leadership that thousands of their supporters will work for the ruling party to ensure that Mr. Patnaik wins the elections in 2019.last_img read more

BJP blames SKM for backing out of pre-poll alliance in Sikkim

first_imgThe Bharatiya Janata Party on Monday hit out at the Sikkim Krantikari Morcha for backing out of the alliance between the two parties for inexplicable reasons a few days after making a firm commitment on the issue.“We were ready to accommodate most of the demands by the SKM leadership to sew up an alliance for the Sikkim Assembly and Lok Sabha polls, but the P.S. Golay-led party chickened out at the last minute without giving any reasons,” a senior BJP leader, who was involved in talks with the SKM leadership, said.He added that the withdrawal has embarrassed the BJP as it had gone public about it on a commitment given by Mr. Golay himself following a meeting with BJP’s Northeast and Sikkim in-charge Ram Madhav in Delhi in the first week of March this year. Ruing at the missed opportunity to oust the 25-year-old Sikkim Democratic Front government from power, he said that the SKM will be held “squarely responsible” if Pawan Kumar Chamling returns to power for a sixth term in the State. The BJP leader said that his party was undaunted by the setback. He said that the BJP has put candidates on 12 Assembly seats and the lone Lok Sabha seat with an aim to open its account at the hustings. Elections to the 32-Assembly seat as well as the Lok Sabha constituency in Sikkim will be held simultaneously on April 11. The SKM and the SDF are contesting on all the 32 Assembly seats.last_img read more

Changing Climate Kills Magellanic Penguin Chicks

first_imgA mother Magellanic penguin pants doglike in the afternoon heat, shading her newborn chick from the hot sun. But it’s not enough. The chick’s thick downy coat isn’t designed for the heat, and its efforts to stretch out its wings and neck to cool off don’t work. Despite the mother’s best efforts, the youngster dies.This sad story is becoming all too common among Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus), according to a 27-year study published today. Researchers have found that the species, which has lost 20% of its population globally since 1987, faces a growing threat from increasing numbers of torrential rainstorms and sweltering heat waves caused by climate change, which could accelerate the species’ decline.Named after Ferdinand Magellan, who spotted the birds in 1520, Magellanic penguins nest in burrows and under bushes in coastal Argentina, Chile, and the Falkland Islands. Like many other penguin species, the birds prefer temperate, dry climates. However, recently the climate has started to shift. Also, climate models predict the number of storms during the first 2 weeks of December, when chicks are most vulnerable, will roughly double by 2081. Newborn penguins are born with a fluffy down coat of feathers, but this layer isn’t waterproof. Despite the best efforts of their parents, many storm-soaked chicks catch hypothermia and die. The same lack of waterproofing leads chicks to die from heat stroke on hot days, when a dip in the ocean is the best way to cool down but requires a waterproof coat. Climatologists predict air temperatures in the region will rise 2°C over the next century.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)In 1982, a Japanese company sought the rights to harvest Magellanic penguins from a colony in Argentina. After Argentinians protested, the government drafted ecologist Dee Boersma from the University of Washington, Seattle, to survey the world’s largest Magellanic penguin colony, located in Punta Tombo, Argentina. Even after the Japanese company silently withdrew their plans, Boersma continued her study. For the next 27 years, she tracked the population’s ups and downs during the birds’ September to February nesting season. Up to twice a day, Boersma and her colleagues strolled through the nesting grounds monitoring newborn chicks. When a chick turned up dead or went missing, they tallied the loss and investigated the cause.In an average year, Boersma and her fellow researchers discovered that 65% of all chicks died, with most from starvation, predation, and disease. However, the team discovered the changing climate has taken its toll. Over the course of the study, the number of storms during the nesting season increased. In the most recent 3 years, an average of 7% of chicks died from chilling rainstorms and heat exhaustion, but during some years the number was much higher, the researchers report today in PLOS ONE. In 1999, a single storm killed 40% of all chicks, the same as all other causes of death that year combined, Boersma says. Calculating an overall trend in climate-related deaths is difficult due to the irregularity of severe storms, Boersma says, though the link between extreme weather and chick death demonstrates that as extreme weather increases in coming years, chick death will increase in turn. In addition, the penguins now tend to arrive at the breeding site later in the year, likely because the fish they eat are arriving later due to changing ocean temperatures. Chicks hatched later in the season are too young to survive the November and December feather-soaking storms, which Boersma thinks compounds the problem.“This is not something that penguins can evolutionarily adapt to—it’s too quick and these events are too extreme,” Boersma says. “The weather has become a very important mortality factor and it didn’t used to be.”Pablo García Borboroglu, president of the Global Penguin Society and an ecologist for the National Research Council of Argentina, says although the recent weather-related deaths are a growing factor in chick death, they’re still not the biggest concern. “The lack of food for the species is still the key thing,” he says. “Even if the recent climate change is human-caused, climate change can’t be addressed in the short term. The lack of food is something we as human beings can immediately address.”Borboroglu and the Global Penguin Society are working with the Argentinian government to create a marine sanctuary for Magellanic penguins, an effort Borboroglu hopes will help increase the penguins’ food supply and reduce chick deaths.last_img read more

Why Won’t Simply Creating Lots of Marine Reserves Save Sea Life?

first_imgHow is the world doing at conserving marine life? One common metric is the amount of ocean that governments have designated as protected areas. About 1.8% falls into that category, but fishing or other harvesting is banned in only 1%. Now, the most comprehensive and detailed analysis yet suggests that the marine conservation picture is even bleaker—and that a more accurate way of measuring progress is needed.Graham Edgar of the University of Tasmania, Hobart, led a team that looked at 87 marine protected areas (MPAs) around the world. That’s a tiny fraction of the about 5100 MPAs on the books, but most lack enough data on sea life populations to be analyzed in detail. The researchers looked at the total estimated biomass of all fish within each of the selected MPAs, as well as the total weight of fish longer than 25 centimeters. (Larger fish tend to be targeted by fishing, as do valuable species such as sharks, groupers, and jacks.) They also tallied the total number of species of large fish and all fish in each MPA. Then, for comparison, they gathered data from 1022 sites where fishing is permitted around the world.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The analysis highlighted five features that appear essential for an MPA to score high on promoting fish biomass and diversity. The best performing reserves, as expected, have outlawed fishing and strictly enforced the ban. They are also relatively large and old, covering more than 100 square kilometers and established more than 10 years ago (giving the biota time to recover from any past fishing). In a statistical model, these four factors each contributed about the same amount to boosting the amount of fish. The fifth and most important predictor of success, however, was the MPA’s isolation from similar habitat, which makes them easier to police.The comparison of MPAs to fished areas, however, produced a sobering result. About 60% of MPAs scored well on one or two of these key features, but appear to have fish populations that are no healthier than those found in fished areas. In contrast, MPAs that score well in three areas, including Coiba National Park in Panama, had on average 30% more fish and double the sharks of the fished areas.Overall, the authors considered just nine of the MPAs (about 10%) to be effective, having four or more attributes of good governance and design. And the few reserves that got high marks in all five areas, such as the Kermadec Marine Reserve in New Zealand, had exponentially greater benefits, including nearly 2000% more sharks than in fished coastlines, they report in this week’s issue of Nature.The takeaway message, the authors write, is that “global conservation targets based on area alone will not optimize protection of marine biodiversity. More emphasis is needed on better MPA design, durable management and compliance to ensure that MPAs achieve their desired conservation value.”The study offers “a really good synthesis,” says fisheries biologist Trevor Branch of the University of Washington, Seattle. Previous studies, he notes, have looked at some of the five factors, but not in such a comprehensive way.“What impresses me about the paper is that they have shown how key factors all need to be present [for reserves] to be effective,” says Elliott Norse, chief scientist of the Marine Conservation Institute in Seattle. Norse’s group is now developing criteria to recognize effective MPAs. Such efforts, he hopes, will become an incentive for countries to design effective MPAs and protect them, in part by conferring some prestige on the most successful efforts.In a commentary in Nature, Benjamin Halpern of the University of California, Santa Barbara, calls the findings worrying, because “it is difficult for managers to achieve all five factors.” Most governments can’t create large or remote marine reserves, so they must focus on enforcement, which can be expensive. More research should be done on other possibilities, such as connecting MPAs into networks, Halpern wrote.Here are the study’s top scoring marine protected areas:Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary (Panama Bight, Colombia)Lord Howe Island Commonwealth Marine Park (Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, Australia)Kermadec Islands Marine Reserve (Kermadec Island, New Zealand)Cocos Island National Park (Cocos Islands, Costa Rica)Poor Knights Islands Marine Reserve (Northeastern New Zealand)Shiprock Aquatic Reserve (New South Wales, Australia)Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (United States)Tsitsikamma National Park (Agulhas Bank, South Africa)last_img read more

Top Stories: Innocence on Death Row, Missing Frog Fathers, and Antibiotic Resistance

first_imgFirst Global Drug Resistance Overview Paints Grim PictureThe World Health Organization (WHO) presented its first-ever global attempt to assess the spread of drug resistance—and the results are sobering. The study shows that high rates of antimicrobial resistance occur in most parts of the world. WHO’s assistant director-general for health security warned, “Without urgent, coordinated action by many stakeholders, the world is headed for a post-antibiotic era, in which common infections and minor injuries which have been treatable for decades can once again kill.”When Dads Go Missing, Frogs Start HatchingSign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Glass frog fathers sometimes abandon their eggs to get busy with other females. That’s bad for the babies—they rely on their dads to moisten them nightly as they develop on leaves, or else they’ll dry out and die. But new research shows that the abandoned eggs can take care of themselves. When dad takes off, they respond by hatching early. The findings make us think about embryos as cognitive organisms that can assess their surroundings—and even choose their own birthdays.More Than 4% of Death Row Inmates May Be InnocentOne in 25 criminal defendants who has been handed a death sentence in the United States has likely been erroneously convicted. That number—4.1% to be exact—comes from a new analysis of more than 3 decades of data on death sentences and death row exonerations across the United States.Male Scent May Compromise Biomedical ResearchResearchers testing pain response in lab mice noticed something curious: The mice didn’t seem to feel pain when they were handled by male researchers. After further testing, they discovered that the scent of a male—human or otherwise—actually acts like a painkiller by ramping up the animal’s stress levels. The findings suggest that the presence of male scientists may be influencing research results—and even clinical trials.Snails Are Dissolving in Pacific OceanAcidic seas are already beginning to damage marine organisms. The shells of tiny marine snails that live along North America’s western coast are dissolving in an increasingly acidified Pacific Ocean. The finding suggests that sea life is already being affected by changes in the ocean’s chemistry caused by rising carbon dioxide levels.Soaring MERS Cases Cause Pandemic Jitters, but Causes Are UnclearA sharp increase in infections with the deadly new Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) virus in the Middle East is alarming public health officials around the world. The rising numbers have raised fresh fears that MERS has adapted and is becoming more easily transmissible between humans, which could result in global spread. But preliminary research has not shown any evidence of genetic changes, and the government of Saudi Arabia, where most of the new cases occur, says the sudden upswing is mostly the result of more widespread testing.last_img read more

Dangal in focus with strong run in Hong Kong, tops PK & Baahubali in revenues, globally

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No Evidence to Justify Extraditing Vijay Mallya to India, UK Court Hears

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Goa Dissolves Committee Issuing NOCs For Property Purchase

first_imgThe Goa government has dissolved a committee set up to issue No-objection certificates to Overseas Indian Citizens (OIC) intending to buy property in the state under Foreign Exchange Management Authority (FEMA) provisions.The state Law and Judiciary department took the decision to withdraw the circular after the Aam Admi Party (AAP) submitted a memorandum, against the committee, to minister Francis DSouza.Read it at Business Standard Related Itemslast_img

Indian Sari, Temple, Auto Rickshaw Part of New Emoji List For 2019

first_imgIf you are among those who feel emojis make communication easier, or faster for you, then you are in luck. The Emoji 12.0, or the new set of emojis approved for release in 2019, has been unveiled by the Unicode Consortium, a nonprofit group that approves and standardizes emojis; 230 new emojis will be coming to various platforms this year.Read it at India West Related Itemslast_img

Hero Drops Dailmer Venture

first_imgCiting weak demand in India, the Hero Group, the country’s largest motorcycle maker, is dropping its joint truck-building venture with German automaker Daimler AG. The company said the decision followed “amicable and mutual decisions between the partners, and we shall continue to explore doing business together in the future.”  Related Itemslast_img

JSW Steel to Invest $500 Million in Texas Facility

first_imgJSW Steel USA will invest up to $500 million in phases to develop its steel manufacturing infrastructure in Baytown, Texas. According to a Memorandum of Cooperation signed between Texas governor Greg Abbott and the company in Mumbai on March 26, the amount will be used to develop and expand its plate and pipe mill unit.A Texas Enterprise Fund (TEF) grant offer of $3.4 million has also been extended to JSW Steel USA, according to a statement from the governor’s office. JSW Steel USA is a subsidiary of JSW Steel Ltd, India’s leading producer of steel.The investment will help the company realize the full one-million ton installed capacity of the plant that it purchased in 2007. It also aims to put an end to sourcing raw steel from countries like Latin America and India, and source it from the Texas region once the new facility is commissioned.“The $500 million investment from JSW Steel to expand its operations in Texas shows what we can achieve when we work to be better every single day. Made in Texas is a powerful label, and I thank JSW for investing in our great state. We look forward to forging an even stronger partnership and continuing economic and job growth in the Lone Star State,” Abbott said in the statement.The memorandum is part of the company’s long-term strategy to enhance its footprints in the United States, said Parth Jindal, managing director, JSW Cement.Abbott also took to the social media to announce the deal, saying it will create 500 new jobs and also boost economic growth in Texas.Closed a landmark deal with @jswsteel in Mumbai to expand its operations in Baytown, TX that will create 500 new jobs and expand economic growth in Texas. https://t.co/U03PD8MuIN pic.twitter.com/b8hU2hXKRh— Gov. Greg Abbott (@GovAbbott) March 26, 2018Jindal added that the deal reiterates the company’s commitment to stay invested and grow in the U.S. market. “It also provides JSW USA an opportunity to participate in USA’s infrastructure development and job creation priorities. Access to natural gas at extremely economical prices and the abundant availability of scrap steel in Texas make conditions very conducive for manufacturing through the Electric Arc Furnace route,” he added.The company is looking to create a fully integrated steel complex. It will help to bring accuracy in manufacturing of high quality steel plate and pipe to Texas, the statement added.“From India alone, we have been importing 1.5 lakh ton of raw steel plates. This will come to an end by October 2020 when the second phase of expansion is complete. The first phase will be over by March 2019,” Jindal said, the Economic Times reported.JSW USA operates one of the widest steel plate and pipe mills in North America, located at Baytown, Texas. the unit caters to the requirement of energy, petrochemicals, defense and other heavy equipment industries in the United States.An investment of $150 million that is already underway will be used to enhance the plant’s capabilities, and it will be completed by 2020. JSW USA intends to use the rest of investment, up to $350 million, to set up a new hot end facility, a statement from JSW Steel said. Related ItemsManufacturingSteelTexaslast_img read more